|sickle cell anemia|
|Pronunciation:||sik-l sel uh-nEm-ya|
|Definition :||A genetic blood disease that causes red blood cells to take on a sickle shape, rather than their normal donut shape.|
Sickle cell anemia is seen most commonly in people of African ancestry.|
Individuals who suffer from sickle cell disease are chronically anemic and experience significant damage to their heart, lungs, and kidneys.
This disorder is caused by a single base pair change in one of the genes.
|Related Terms:||anemia, base|