(GE) is providing the medical community with the most powerful
tools in history to diagnose and understand disease, to develop
drugs to treat disease, and ultimately to prevent disease.
are just beginning to test the huge powers of our tiny genes.
The enormous task of mapping the human was accomplished in the year 2000. That work established
the sequence of the human genes, but much more work remains
to unlock the functions of those genes and to understand the
various ways they work together ().
breakthroughs are happening every day in research labs around
the world thanks to GE. Treatments and cures are on the horizon
for devastating diseases like ,
Alzheimer's, AIDS, , Parkinson's, and cystic fibrosis. But with these
promising possibilities come an awesome burden of ethical responsibility.
These GE technologies could be used in ways that many believe
are unethical or immoral. For instance, there are serious objections
to using GE to enhance humans by making them smarter or taller
or stronger, or to using biotechnology to clone human beings.
Tight controls and regulations are in place to oversee the many
different research efforts in the medical field.
deadly viruses, the ones that cause Ebola and AIDS, could actually
help cure a devastating and deadly genetic disease. More
therapy is a promising path that researchers are following to find
cures and treatments for deadly genetic diseases. More
first disease successfully treated by gene therapy was Severe Combined
Immune Deficiency (SCID). More
for genes causing disease
list of genetic research