GE In-Depth GE In-Depth
     

GE Basics
Locating Genetic Information

Timeline of GE

Processes
Recombinant DNA:
How Genes Are Transferred

   

Recombinant DNA: Example Using Insulin

Cloning:
How To Make Identical Genomes

 

 

 Locating Genetic Information
 

Cell

The cell is the basic unit of life. There are two kinds of cells: prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Prokaryotes don't have a nuclear membrane - a membrane that surrounds the nucleus allowing only certain chemicals to pass through. Eukaryotes, like the cell pictured below, do have a nuclear membrane and other small cell organelles that prokaryotic cells often lack.

Sometimes a cell can be an organism by itself (yeast, bacteria). Other organisms - humans, trees, sharks - are multicellular. These organisms are made up of many specialized cells (muscle, skin, xylem, brain cells ... ). All of your genetic information is stored inside of almost every single one of your cells. Humans contain more than 75,000,000,000,000 cells.

Next, find out where the cell stores genetic material.

Locating Genetic Information     Next >>


Explore More: Genetic Engineering
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