- Early Iowans and the Bison
- Food of Ancient Iowans
- Burial Mounds
- Iowans Begin Raising Food
- Indians Use Bows and Arrows
- Iowans Give Up Nomad Life
- Side-notched Points
- A Bison Jump
- Paleo-Indian Clovis Spearpoint
- Bird Bone Whistle
- Animal Hide Scraping
- Copper Awl
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Food of Ancient Iowans
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The meat from the big game that they killed made up most of the diet of these nomadic hunters, but they also gathered berries, nuts and roots that grew wild all about them. Since they had not learned to plant and grow crops, their lives were limited to wondering the countryside for whatever food they could find. Long before the development of pottery, the Indians had to depend on baskets and animal skins for storing food and carrying water. Meat had to be held over the fire on a stick in order to be cooked, or hot stones and a skin water bag could be used. Stones, heated in the fire, were put into a bag filled with water. Meat was then added to the bag and cooked in the hot water.
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