- Chief Black Hawk (1767-1838)
- Influence of European Culture
- Conflict Between Cultures
- European Explorers Meet Early Iowans
- Spanish Meet Indians
- Land Ownership
- Indian Agents
- Sac and Mesquakie Move to Iowa
- Only Sioux Remained in Iowa
- Massacre at Spirit Lake
- Mesquakies Return to Iowa
- Mesquakie Maintain Culture
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The United States Government sent Indian Agents into Iowa to smooth relations between Indians and whites. And treaties were negotiated that promised protection and gifts for the Indians in return for their land and an agreement to deal only with the licensed traders. A job of Indian agent required fair-minded men who understood the Indian way of life. They were faced with dishonest whiskey traders, conflict between tribes and the clamoring advance of the white frontier. Settlers, who were anxious to farm the rich land that Indians still occupied.
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