- Spanish Meet Indians
- French and Early Iowans
- Early French Explorers Visit Iowa
- Explorers Meet Iowa Natives
- La Salle Claims Land for France
- Dubuque Seeks Opportunity
- Explorers Search for River Sources
- Map of North America Combining New factual Information with the Older Mythical Geography
- Map of the Mississippi River Valley, 1682
- Western U.S. shown in 1776 map
- Julien Dubuque
- Drawing of Fort Madison, ca 1808
- Mississippi River From Pike's Peak
- Map of Western North America, ca. 1790
- Europeans Come to Iowa
- Influence of European Culture
- Conflict Between Cultures
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Dubuque Seeks Opportunity
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Soon after a man by the name of Julien Dubuque came to the Iowa land; a stocky man, with jet black hair, dark eyes and an olive complexion. The Indians called him “Little Night.” Somehow he managed to obtain an agreement with the Mesquakie Indians who controlled the lead rich land near the town which today bares his name. The agreement allowed him, and no other Indian or white, to mine the lead of the region as long as he pleased. Dubuque was a shrewd business man; he knew that his claim would have to be recognized by the Spanish government by the land to be legally his. Dubuque petitioned the Spanish government to grant him what he called his “Mines of Spain,” and received his grant. But it did little good. A few years later, the French reclaimed the lands west of the Mississippi. Then in 1803 the Louisiana Purchase transferred this huge tract of land to the United States. When Dubuque died in 1810, his titles died with him. The Indians burned his building and refused to let any other whites mine in the area. “Little Night” was forgotten, but later a prosperous river town would bare the name of one of Iowa’s first white settlers, Julien Dubuque.
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