- 6th Iowa Cavalry, 1862
- Civil War Prisoners, 1861-65
- Annie Wittenmyer, 1860s
- Grenville Dodge
- Grenville Dodge's Spy Network
- George Spencer: Spy
- Iowan's Views of Slavery
- Civil War Begins
- Iowans Go To War
- Governor Gathers an Army
- Iowa Regiments Leave for War
- Iowans Rebuild Railroad
- Civil War Battle in Iowa
- Iowans Fighting in Civil War
- Civil War Battle Re-enacted
- Iowa Deaths in Civil War
- Annie Wittenmeyer
- Annie Wittenmeyer Works for Soldiers
- Army Hospital Established in Keokuk
- Civil War Women
- Iowa's Civil War Heroes
- Iowans Return from the Civil War
- Grenville Dodge Builds Railroads
- Civil War Medal to Iowan
- Medal of Honor Recipient
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Civil War Begins
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1860- A presidential election year. The new Republican Party nominated its candidate, Abraham Lincoln, against Democrat, Stephan A. Douglas. Voters in Iowa and other northern states hoped that a Republican victory would end the extension of slavery, so they threw their support to Lincoln. And since the Democratic south wouldn’t tolerate a Lincoln victory, it was an election that could spilt the nation apart. In November, the election was held. Lincoln won by a narrow margin. For the south, this was the last straw. One month after the election, South Carolina declared that it was no longer a part of the Union. By January the secession fever had caught on: first Mississippi, then Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and finally Texas. By February the seceding states had formed their own nation and had a constitution. Lincoln’s inauguration hadn’t even taken place yet. Settlers in Iowa had felt separated from the eastern mainstream of American life, but now they had a cause that united them with the rest of the Country. Many considered the secession of the south a violation of the Constitution, and they were ready to go to war, if necessary, to preserve the Union.
(canons and guns exploding)
One month after Lincoln’s inauguration the South bombed Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. The first blows of war had been struck. A nation was divided and had to take up arms against itself.
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