Buxton: Racial harmony in an Iowa coal mining town

In order to view this video, you must install Microsoft Silverlight

This video player uses Microsoft Silverlight.

Time Frame: 1900-1920

Buxton was a mining town in southern Iowa. It was unusual because 70-90 percent of the residents of the town were African American.
Previous African-Americans in Iowa, 1838-2005 Image       Next African-Americans in Iowa, 1838-2005 Image
The Iowa Heritage Industrial Heritage
©1979
Iowa Public Television

Return to African-Americans in Iowa, 1838-2005

 

Transcript

Buxton—it was one of the most unusual yet successful mining towns in Iowa’s history. Buxton was built about 1900, when the mines closed at Muchakinock Camp and all the mining families were moved to a new source of coal. The town was named after Ben Buxton, a local mine superintendent, and was owned by a Consolidation Coal Company, a division of the Chicago and Northwestern Railroad. The unusual aspect of Buxton was its large black population, which made up seventy to ninety percent of the community. Many of Buxton’s black miners were persuaded to come North by the mine companies’ recruiters who found willing workers in small towns and plantations throughout the South.

 


Iowa Pathways: Iowa History Resources for Students and Teachers
Home ~ My Path ~ Artifacts ~ Timeline ~ Quest ~ Teacher Resources ~ Project Information ~ Sponsors
Iowa Pathways © 2005 - 2014 Iowa Public Television