Challenge Trail Guide


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Challenge Rubric


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Learning Goals


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Challenge: Changing Times


Learning Goals:

Students will:

  • Choose a topic for research related to "changing times" in Iowa.
  • Write a research question about how change over time has affected a person, group, place, event or institution in Iowa.
  • Research people, places and events related to the research question.
  • Use primary and secondary sources related to the changes that occurred over time.
  • Reconstruct a timeline of changes that occurred.
  • Analyze the information uncovered during the research.
  • Use quantitative data to explain change over time.
  • Draw comparisons among eras.
  • Publish information about the changes that occurred over time.
  • Reflect on learnings after completing "Changing Times."

"Changing Times " addresses the following Standards in Historical Thinking:

Standard 1: The student thinks chronologically:
Therefore, the student is able to:

  • Distinguish between past, present, and future time.
  • Explain change and continuity over time.

Standard 2: The student comprehends a variety of historical sources:
Therefore, the student is able to:

  • Read historical narratives imaginatively.
  • Appreciate historical perspectives.

Standard 3: The student engages in historical analysis and interpretation.
Therefore, the student is able to:

  • Analyze cause-and-effect relationships and multiple causation, including the importance of the individual, the influence of ideas, and the role of chance.
  • Hypothesize the influence of the past.


Standard 4: The student conducts historical research.
Therefore, the student is able to:

  • Formulate historical questions.
  • Obtain historical data from a variety of sources.
  • Interrogate historical data.
  • Identify the gaps in the available records and marshal contextual knowledge and perspectives of the time and place.
  • Employ quantitative analysis.
  • Support interpretations with historical evidence


More information about Historical Thinking standards can be found at The National Center for History in the Schools, UCLA.

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