Iowa History Timeline: Text Version

 


B.C.E. = Before Common Era
C.E. = Common Era
1960:
Iowa Event

Iowa's population: 2,757,537

Federal Census of Iowa's population: 2,757,537

Find out more about the people of Iowa.

1960s:
Iowa Event

Astronauts Use Iowa Products

The Collins Radio Company in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, produced the transmitters that were used by early astronauts to communicate with earth.

Find out more about the industries in Iowa.

1960s:
Iowa Event

First Microwave Oven

An Iowa company, Amana Refrigeration, introduced the Radarange--the first microwave oven.

Find out more about the industries in Iowa.

1961:
Iowa Event

Iowa State Teachers College (UNI) Changes Name

The name of the college in Cedar Falls was changed from Iowa State Teachers College to State College of Iowa. It was once called Iowa State Normal School (1876-1909).

Find out more about higher education in Iowa.

1961:
Iowa Event

Oak Tree Becomes Official State Tree

The oak was designated as the official state tree. The Iowa General Assembly chose the oak because it was abundant in the state and served as shelter, food and nesting cover for many animals and birds. Acorns, the nuts of oak trees, are a dietary staple of many animals and birds. Deer, wild turkeys, pheasants, quail, wood ducks, raccoons, squirrels, chipmunks, bluejays, nuthatches, grackles and several kinds of woodpeckers are a few of the species that depend on acorns for a significant portion of their diet.

Find out more about the plants and animals of Iowa.

1961:
U.S. Event

Cold War

The Cold War was symbolized by the building of the Berlin Wall in Germany.


1962:
U.S. Event

Cuban Missile Crisis

The United States and the Soviet Union came close to war during the Cuban Missile Crisis.


1962:
Iowa Event

Hollywood Comes to Mason City

The Hollywood premier for the movie The Music Man was held in Mason City. The musical was based on a play by Mason City native, Meredith Willson.

Find out more about Meredith Willson.

1962:
U.S. Event

Books Impact Environment

Rachel Carson wrote a best seller titled Silent Spring. The book described the impact chemicals had on the environment.


1962:
U.S. Event

Iowa Native Inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame

Van Meter native, Bob Feller, is inducted in the Baseball Hall of Fame.

Find out more about baseball in Iowa.

Top

1963:
U.S. Event

Civil Rights Movement Heated Up

In April Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., led the first in a series of civil rights marches.

Find out about civil rights in Iowa.

1963:
U.S. Event

Equal Pay Act of 1963

The Equal Pay Act of 1963 outlawed differences in wages based on gender.

Find out more about the industries in Iowa.

1963:
U.S. Event

President Assassinated

President John F. Kennedy was assassinated on November 22, 1963.


1964:
U.S. Event

Civil Rights Act Passed

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 banned discrimination on the basis of race, religion, gender or national origin. It was considered the strongest civil rights law ever enacted in the United States.

Find out more about civil rights.

1964:
Iowa Event

North American Review Becomes Published in Iowa

The nation's oldest literary magazine, the North American Review was first published in Boston in 1815. In 1964 it began to be published at Cornell College in Mount Vernon, Iowa. It is now edited at the University of Northern Iowa.

Find out more about Iowa literature.

1964:
U.S. Event

Viet Nam War Heats Up

The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was passed by Congress. This act gave President Lyndon Johnson the authority to go to war in Viet Nam.


1965:
Iowa Event

Herbert Hoover National Historic Site Established

Herbert Hoover National Historic Site was established August 12, 1965. The historic buildings and grounds of this 187-acre site are preserved by the National Park Service to commemorate the life of the 31st president of the United States. Included in the site is the small cottage where Hoover was born in 1874, a blacksmith shop similar to the one owned by his father, the first West Branch schoolhouse, and the Friends Meetinghouse where the Hoover family worshipped. Also located on the grounds are the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library-Museum, the gravesites of President and Mrs. Hoover, and an 81-acre tallgrass prairie.

Find out more about Iowa destinations and attractions.

1966:
U.S. Event

A Woman Governs India

Indira Gandhi became the prime minister of India.


1966-69:
U.S. Event

Revolution in China

The Cultural Revolution takes place in China.


1967:
Iowa Event

Geode Becomes Official State Rock.

The Iowa General Assembly designated the geode as the official state rock in 1967 because of its beauty and abundance in the state. Geodes are generally round and average about four inches in diameter. Geodes are found in limestone formations and have a hard outer shell. When carefully broken open, a sparkling lining of mineral crystals, most often quartz and calcite, is revealed. Geologists attribute the crystal growth to the percolation of groundwater in the geologic past. Southeastern Iowa is one of the state's best geode collecting areas. Geode State Park in Henry County is named for the occurrence of the geode.

Find out more about the geology of Iowa.

Top

1967:
Iowa Event

State College of Iowa Renamed

The name of the college in Cedar Falls was changed from State College of Iowa to University of Northern Iowa (UNI). It was once called Iowa State Normal School (1876-1909) and Iowa State Teachers College (1909-1961).

Find out more about higher education in Iowa.

1967:
Iowa Event

Public Television in Iowa

A statewide public television station was created in Iowa. The network was known as Iowa Educational Broadcasting Network (IEBN).

Find out more about the communications industry in Iowa.

1968:
U.S. Event

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Assassinated

Civil rights leader, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was assassinated.


1969:
U.S. Event

First Person on Moon

Neil Armstrong became the first person to walk on the moon.


1969:
U.S. Event

The US Supreme Court Rules on Tinker v. Des Moines (1969)

Des Moines high school students, John and Mary Beth Tinker, wore arm bands to school to protest the Vietnam War. When school officials challenged their right to do this, they appealed to the Supreme Court. The courts ruled that the Tinkers' first amendment

Find out more about civil rights.



Questions to Consider:
When viewing information in the timeline, consider the following questions:

  • What time in history did this event occur? What else was happening at that time?
  • What events led to this event? What events followed it? Does this event begin or end something? Is this event part of a sequence of other events?
  • How did this event influence the present? How might it influence our future?


 

Sources:
Several entries for this timeline were adapted from Prairie Voices Iowa Heritage Curriculum, Annotated Iowa History Timeline, State Historical Society of Iowa, 1995. Used with permission.

Additional Sources:

  • Agriculture in the Classroom: Growing a Nation: The Story of American Agriculture, United States Department of Agriculture.
  • Discovering Historic Iowa Transportation Milestones, Iowa Department of Transportation, 2000.
  • Downey, Mathew T. American History 1 and 2. Chicago: McGraw-Hill, 2006.
  • History and Life: The World and Its People. Glenview, Illinois: Scott, Foresman and Company, 1980.
  • Keenan, Sheila. Scholastic Encyclopedia of Women in the United States. New York: Scholastic Reference, 1996.
  • National Standards for History, UCLA National Center for History in the Schools, 1996.
  • Randy Lyon, This Month In Iowa History, State Historical Society of Iowa.
  • The Challenge of Freedom. River Forest, Illinois: Laidlaw Brothers, 1982.
  • William Kovarik, Ph.D., Environmental History Timeline, Radford University,
  • World Adventures in Time and Place. New York: Macmillan McGraw-Hill, 1997.

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