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Iowa Press #2740 - Sen. Mary Kramer and Rep. Pam Jochum
June 4, 2000

Borg: ANALYSIS OF IOWA'S 78TH GENERAL ASSEMBLY CONTINUES. WE GET ASSESSMENTS FROM SENATE PRESIDENT MARY KRAMER AND ASSISTANT MINORITY LEADER IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES PAM JOCHUM ON THIS EDITION OF IOWA PRESS.

FUNDING FOR IOWA PRESS WAS PROVIDED BY FRIENDS OF IOWA PUBLIC TELEVISION. AND BY THE IOWA BANKERS ASSOCIATION... FOR PERSONAL, BUSINESS, AND COMMERCIAL NEEDS, IOWA BANKS HELP IOWANS REACH THEIR FINANCIAL GOALS. AND BY THE ASSOCIATED GENERAL CONTRACTORS OF IOWA, THE PUBLIC'S PARTNER IN BUILDING IOWA'S HIGHWAY, BRIDGE, AND MUNICIPAL UTILITY INFRASTRUCTURE.

THIS IS THE SUNDAY, JUNE 4th EDITION OF IOWA PRESS.

HERE IS DEAN BORG.

Borg: ON APRIL 26th, THE 78TH IOWA GENERAL ASSEMBLY CLOSED THE 2000 SESSION. ALMOST IMMEDIATELY, SPECULATION BEGAN ABOUT ISSUES FACING THE 79TH GENERAL ASSEMBLY. ONE REASON IS THAT ACCURATE MEASUREMENTS OF ACCOMPLISHMENTS MUST ALSO CONSIDER WHAT WAS NOT DONE, AND THAT'S THE STARTING POINT FOR MUCH OF THIS YEAR'S POST-SESSION ANALYSIS. BETWEEN NOW AND THE OPENING OF THE LEGISLATIVE SESSION OF 2001 ON JANUARY 8, THE GENERAL ELECTION OF 2000 WILL DETERMINE THE POLITICAL PERSONALITY OF THE LEGISLATURE FOR THE NEXT TWO YEARS. AND SO WE'RE AT A CROSSROADS WHERE LEGISLATIVE ISSUES BECOME CAMPAIGN ISSUES. WELL, HERE TO HELP US SORT THROUGH THE ISSUES, BOTH RESOLVED AND PENDING ARE SENATOR MARY KRAMER. SHE'S A REPUBLICAN FROM WEST DES MOINES. SHE'S PRESIDENT OF THE IOWA SENATE. AND REPRESENTATIVE PAM JOCHUM FROM DUBUQUE IS ASSISTANT MINORITY LEADER FOR THE DEMOCRATS IN THE IOWA HOUSE. WELCOME TO IOWA PUBLIC TELEVISION AND TO IOWA PRESS. THANKS. IT'S GOOD TO BE HERE.

Borg: ACROSS THE TABLE, IOWA STATEHOUSE REPORTERS DAVID YEPSEN OF THE DES MOINES REGISTER AND MIKE GLOVER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS.

Glover: REPRESENTATIVE JOCHUM, AS DEAN MENTIONED, WE'RE IN THAT TRANSITORY PHASE WHERE WE'RE MOVING FROM LEGISLATIVE ISSUES TO CAMPAIGN ISSUES. WHAT MESSAGE WILL THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY TAKE TO VOTERS THIS FALL TO CONVINCE THEM TO ELECT A DEMOCRATIC LEGISLATURE?

Jochum: I THINK PART OF THE MESSAGE WILL BE WORKING WITH A GOVERNOR THAT HAS CHALLENGED THIS LEGISLATURE IN THE LAST SESSION TO TAKE SOME VERY BOLD STEPS TO MOVE THE STATE FORWARD. I THINK THAT MOST OF US NOW HAVE HIS LINGO DOWN AS: MORE IOWANS, YOUNGER IOWANS, BETTER-PAID IOWANS, AND HOW DO WE GET THERE. SO PART OF IT WILL BE OUR ABILITY, OUR WILLINGNESS TO WORK CLOSELY WITH THE GOVERNOR TO ACCOMPLISH THOSE GOALS. BUT THERE'S ALSO A NUMBER OF ISSUES THAT WE KIND OF NIBBLED AROUND THE EDGES IN THE LAST LEGISLATIVE SESSION AND COULD HAVE TAKEN SOME BOLDER STEPS TO ADDRESS. AND I THINK SOME OF THOSE ISSUES INCLUDE EDUCATION, HEALTH CARE AND, OF COURSE, THAT ONGOING ISSUE OF HOG CONFINEMENTS IN THIS STATE AND WHAT WE DO ABOUT THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF THOSE, THE ECONOMIC IMPACT, AND THE HEALTH IMPACT.

Glover: SENATOR KRAMER, SAME QUESTION TO YOU. AS WE HEAD INTO THE FALL CAMPAIGN SEASON, WHAT MESSAGE ARE REPUBLICANS GOING TO TAKE TO VOTERS TO SAY WE NEED TO RETAIN THE REPUBLICAN LEGISLATURE?

Kramer: WE BELIEVE THAT THE THINGS THAT ARE IMPORTANT TO US ARE THE SAME THINGS THAT ARE IMPORTANT TO IOWA VOTERS. THAT IS, THE EDUCATION OF OUR CHILDREN, THE ENVIRONMENT THAT WE LIVE IN, AND THE COMPETITIVENESS OF OUR STATE IN TERMS OF GROWTH, BECAUSE GROWTH IS A REQUIREMENT FOR OUR ECONOMY TO SUCCEED INTO THE FUTURE. SO HOW WILL WE REACH OUT AND ATTRACT THE KIND OF WORKERS AND BUSINESS PEOPLE THAT ARE GOING TO GROW OUR ECONOMY.

Glover: HOW IS THAT DIFFERENT FROM WHAT REPRESENTATIVE JOCHUM JUST SAID?

Kramer: I THINK IT IS QUITE DIFFERENT IN THAT OUR VIEW OF ECONOMIC COMPETITIVENESS IS VERY DIFFERENT, AND I SUSPECT OUR VIEW OF EDUCATION WILL ALSO BE QUITE DIFFERENT.

Yepsen: WELL, SENATOR KRAMER, LET'S GET INTO SOME OF THAT. WHAT'S AHEAD FOR THE 2001 LEGISLATIVE SESSION? YOU'VE GOT 2000 DONE -- OBVIOUSLY, WE HAVE A CAMPAIGN TO RUN, AND THAT WILL HAVE AN IMPACT ON THE AGENDA -- BUT AS YOU SEE IT, WHAT ARE THE ISSUES COMING AT THE LEGISLATURE IN 2001?

Kramer: I THINK THE FUTURE OF OUR K-12 EDUCATION SYSTEM WILL BE A SIGNIFICANT PART OF WHAT WE HAVE TO DO TO LEARN WHAT THE RESULTS ARE OF OUR CURRENT SYSTEM. WE'RE FOND OF SAYING WE HAVE A VERY GOOD SYSTEM, AND WE DO. BUT WHAT WE DON'T OFTEN REALIZE IS THAT MANY OF OUR, SHALL I SAY COMPETITORS, HAVE CAUGHT UP WITH US IN REALLY FINE K-12 EDUCATION SYSTEMS, BOTH IN THE UNITED STATES AND ABROAD. AND SO IF WE WANT TO CONTINUE OUR COMMANDING LEAD IN WELL-EDUCATED IOWANS, WE HAVE TO CONTINUE TO IMPROVE OUR K-12 SYSTEM.

Yepsen: REPRESENTATIVE JOCHUM, SAME QUESTION. WHAT ISSUES ARE COMING AT YOU IN 2001?

Jochum: CERTAINLY EDUCATION IS ONE OF THOSE. AND I THINK IF WE LOOK AT SPECIFIC ISSUES, ONE OF THEM, OF COURSE, WILL BE TEACHER SALARIES AND WHAT CAN WE DO TO ATTRACT PEOPLE TO THE TEACHING PROFESSION AND HOW CAN WE RETAIN AND BETTER PREPARE PEOPLE TO TEACH? BUT ALSO SCHOOL INFRASTRUCTURE WILL BE, I BELIEVE, AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE NEXT SESSION.

Yepsen: I WANT TO GET AT -- HELP THE VOTER OUT A LITTLE BIT -- WHAT DIFFERENCE DOES IT MAKE WHETHER THE REPUBLICANS ARE IN CONTROL OR THE DEMOCRATS ARE IN CONTROL OF THE LEGISLATURE, REPRESENTATIVE JOCHUM? YOU BOTH ARE TALKING ABOUT EDUCATION OUT HERE. WHAT DIFFERENCE DOES IT MAKE?

Jochum: I THINK THE DIFFERENCE WOULD BE, EVEN IF YOU LOOK AT PAST SEVERAL YEARS OF LEGISLATIVE SESSIONS, THE COMMITMENT DEMOCRATS HAVE ATTEMPTED TO MAKE, AT LEAST, TO THE K-12 EDUCATION SYSTEM IN TERMS OF FUNDING. OBVIOUSLY, MONEY ISN'T ALWAYS THE ANSWER, BUT SCHOOLS DON'T RUN WITHOUT MONEY. AND 85 PERCENT OF A SCHOOL BUDGET IS PEOPLE; IT'S TEACHING. AND WE HAVE TO BE PREPARED TO PROVIDE THOSE KINDS OF SALARIES THAT ARE GOING TO ATTRACT THE BEST AND THE BRIGHTEST TO TEACH OUR CHILDREN.

Yepsen: SENATOR KRAMER, SAME QUESTION.

Kramer: ACTUALLY, ONLY 30 PERCENT OF THE BUDGET GOES TO TEACHERS. IT ALL GOES TO SALARIES, AS REPRESENTATIVE JOCHUM HAS SAID, BUT ONLY 30 SOME PERCENT OF IT IS TO TEACHERS.

Yepsen: OKAY, BUT WHAT DIFFERENCE DOES IT MAKE ?

Kramer: WE BELIEVE THAT HAVE TO HAVE HIGHLY COMPETENT TEACHERS IN THE CLASSROOM, AND THE CURRENT SYSTEM OF PAYING TEACHERS HAS FAILED.

Glover: SENATOR KRAMER, EVERYBODY -- OR IT SEEMS EVERYBODY AT THE LEGISLATURE, AT THE STATEHOUSE -- IS TALKING ABOUT INCREASING TEACHER PAY, PAYING TEACHERS MORE, INCREASING THE ABILITY TO ATTRACT TEACHERS HERE. WHERE DO YOU GET THE MONEY? BECAUSE THAT'S A BIG INVESTMENT.

Kramer: IT IS A BIG INVESTMENT. IT WILL TAKE A BIG INVESTMENT, AND SOME OF IT WILL HAVE TO BE REALLOCATED THROUGH THE CURRENT SYSTEM. THOSE ARE VERY HARD CHOICES. I BELIEVE WE'RE PREPARED TO MAKE SOME PRETTY HARD CHOICES ABOUT THAT.

Glover: WELL, FROM WHERE?

Kramer: FROM WITHIN THE SYSTEM, FROM IN THE K-12 SYSTEM ITSELF. I THINK WE HAVE TO LOOK AT EVERYTHING THAT IS NOT DIRECTLY IMPACTING KIDS IN THE CLASSROOM; THAT WOULD INCLUDE AEAs; THAT WOULD INCLUDE SOME OF THE THINGS THE DEPARTMENT DOES. I THINK WE HAVE TO REAFFIRM OUR POSITION ON LOCAL CONTROL, BUT I THINK THAT LOCAL OFFICIALS THEN ALSO HAVE TO BE PREPARED TO HELP US MAKE SOME HARD DECISIONS.

Glover: SO WIPE OUT AEAs AND USE THAT MONEY TO HELP INCREASE TEACHER PAY?

Kramer: WIPE OUT? NO. AEAs HAVE A SIGNIFICANT ROLE TO PLAY IN SPECIAL EDUCATION, BUT I THINK WE HAVE TO EXAMINE THE ROLES, THE OTHER ROLES THAT THEY PLAY.

Glover: SO CUT BACK AEA SPENDING? REPRESENTATIVE JOCHUM, WHERE DO YOU GET THE MONEY TO INCREASE TEACHER PAY, AND IS THERE MONEY IN THE SYSTEM RIGHT NOW AT THE CURRENT FUNDING LEVELS TO DO THAT TEACHER PAY INCREASE, OR IS MORE MONEY NEEDED?

Jochum: WELL, CERTAINLY, IT'S A MATTER OF PRIORITIES AND HOW YOU'RE GOING TO SPEND THAT MONEY. I BELIEVE THAT WE'VE ATTEMPTED TO DIRECT MORE DOLLARS INTO THAT EDUCATION SYSTEM AND LESS IN OTHER PARTS OF GOVERNMENT. THAT'S ONE WAY YOU DO IT. IT MAY TAKE ADDITIONAL FUNDING. I DON'T KNOW YET. I TRULY DON'T HAVE A GOOD ANSWER FOR THAT, MIKE.

Glover: WHAT SIZE OF AN INVESTMENT DO YOU THINK IS NEEDED?

Jochum: OH, GOSH. IT'S GOING TO BE PROBABLY IN THE HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS OF DOLLARS THAT WE'RE GOING TO HAVE TO INVEST EVENTUALLY INTO THE EDUCATION SYSTEM.

Yepsen: REPRESENTATIVE JOCHUM, WHAT EFFECTS WILL IOWANS SEE AS A RESULT OF THIS EFFORT TO COME UP WITH MORE MONEY? WILL WE SEE SCHOOL REORGANIZATIONS? WILL WE SEE A LONGER SCHOOL DAY? WHAT TANGIBLE RESULTS WILL WE SEE IN IOWA IF YOU ALL PUT MORE MONEY INTO EDUCATION?

Jochum: I THINK THERE WILL BE MORE OF A COMMITTENT TO HOW WE PREPARE TEACHERS. I THINK WE WILL HAVE A STRONGER MENTOR SYSTEM FOR NEW TEACHERS THAT COME INTO THE SYSTEM. WE'RE FINDING THAT TEACHERS THAT ARE FIRST ENTERING THE SYSTEM LEAVE WITHIN THE FIRST 2 TO 5 YEARS OF TEACHING. OBVIOUSLY, THEY NEED MORE HANDS-ON HELP WITHIN THE CLASSROOM WHEN THEY FIRST START THEIR CAREER. I THINK YOU WILL SEE MORE EFFORTS IN HOW WE PREPARE PEOPLE TO BECOME TEACHERS AND THEN THE ONGOING EDUCATION. WHAT WE KEEP FORGETTING IS THAT 13 YEARS AGO, BACK IN 1987 -- I CERTAINLY WASN'T IN THE LEGISLATURE THEN, NEITHER WAS SENATOR KRAMER. BUT THE LEGISLATURE PUT IN PLACE AN EDUCATION EXCELLENCE PLAN. IT WAS PHASE 1, 2, AND 3, AND EACH OF THOSE DIFFERENT PHASES ADDRESSED A DIFFERENT PART OF WHAT WE'RE TALKING ABOUT TODAY. BUT OVER THE YEARS, WE HAVE NOT KEPT UP WITH THE COMMITMENT THE LEGISLATURE MADE 13 YEARS AGO TO RETAINING TEACHERS, BETTER-PAID TEACHERS, AND ONGOING STAFF DEVELOPMENT FOR TEACHERS. WE HAVE NOT KEPT THAT COMMITMENT IN THE LAST 13 YEARS.

Yepsen: SENATOR KRAMER, YOU MENTIONED LOCAL CONTROL AS SOMETHING THAT'S IMPORTANT. WHY IS THAT SO IMPORTANT? WHY DO WE WORSHIP AT THAT ALTAR? HASN'T LOCAL CONTROL FAILED? TEST SCORES ARE GOING DOWN?

Kramer: I DON'T BELIEVE THE TEST SCORE RESULTS ARE SO MUCH FROM LOCAL CONTROL. I BELIEVE LOCAL CONTROL IS IMPORTANT BECAUSE THEN LOCAL CITIZENS BELIEVE THEY OWN THEIR SCHOOLS, THEY TAKE INTEREST IN THEM, THEY WANT TO SUPPORT THEM. THEY BELIEVE THAT THEY'RE UNIQUE TO THEIR COMMUNITY. I THINK THAT TESTIMONY HAS TO CONTINUE.

Glover: REPRESENTATIVE JOCHUM, NOT LONG AGO, THE DIRECTOR OF THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, TED STILWILL, CAME OUT HERE AND HE SAID THAT THERE'S GOING TO BE -- THERE SHOULD BE MORE MERGERS. HE WANTS TO, PARTICULARLY AT THE HIGH SCHOOL LEVEL, TALKING ABOUT REGIONAL ACADEMIES. IS THAT INEVITABLE?

Jochum: UM, PROBABLY SO. I THINK WE HAVE A TREMENDOUS NUMBER OF SCHOOL DISTRICTS FOR THE SIZE OF OUR STATE. THOSE WOULD BE VERY DIFFICULT DECISIONS TO MAKE. IT'S GOING TO TAKE A LOT OF COURAGE ON THE PART OF POLICYMAKERS, SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS, AND IT'S GOING TO TAKE A LOT OF EFFORT ON OUR PART TO TRY AND TEACH A PUBLIC AND INFORM A PUBLIC OF WHY SOME OF THESE THINGS MAY HAVE TO OCCUR.

Glover: WHAT DO YOU DO TO ENCOURAGE THAT?

Jochum: I THINK IT GOES BACK TO TALKING ONE ON ONE, WITHIN GROUPS OF PEOPLE IN OUR COMMUNITIES. THE FOCUS IS HOW WELL OUR CHILDREN WILL BE EDUCATED. YOU KNOW, ARE KIDS GETTING THE MOST OUT OF THEIR SCHOOL YEARS THAT THEY CAN? I HAVE A CHILD WITH DISABILITY, SO I HAVE A WHOLE DIFFERENT SET OF ISSUES TO DEAL WITH. BUT I LOOK AT IT, AND I SAY EVERY CHILD HAS POTENTIAL. MY CHILD WITH SEVERE DISABILITY DOES. HOW DO WE HELP THAT CHILD REACH THAT FULL -- AND ARE WE DOING IT?

Glover: SENATOR KRAMER, IS IT INEVITABLE THAT WE'LL SEE MORE SCHOOL MERGERS AS A PART OF THIS EDUCATIONAL IMPROVEMENT PACKAGE?

Kramer: I ? INEVITABLE IS A STRONG WORD ? BUT, YES, I THINK THAT WILL IMPROVE OUR SYSTEM AND, YES, I HOPE THAT WILL BE DONE. BUT WHEN WE TALK ABOUT ?CONSOLIDATION? IT MEANS ENTIRE SYSTEMS ARE WIPED OUT, AND MERGED WITH OTHER SYSTEMS. I THINK IT?S IMPORTANT THAT WE ALSO WORSHIP AT THE ALTAR OF A NEIGHBORHOOD SCHOOL, WHICH MEANS LOCAL COMMUNITIES WHO HAVE CHILDREN TO EDUCATE, OUGHT TO BE ABLE TO HAVE AN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL IN THEIR COMMUNITY. WHERE WE NEED TO BROADEN -- AND WE'RE DOING A PRETTY GOOD JOB THERE, THE DATA SHOW, EVEN THE TEST SCORES -- THAT THE ELEMENTARY EDUCATION IN OUR STATE STAYS STRONG AND THE RESULTS ARE GOOD. THE SECONDARY SCHOOLS ARE WHERE WE HAVE TO BROADEN THE EXPERIENCE OF OUR STUDENTS ?

Glover: WHAT DO YOU DO?

Kramer: IS REGIONAL ACADEMY AN ANSWER? PERHAPS. BUT I DON'T THINK THERE WILL BE ONLY ONE ANSWER.

Glover: WELL, WHAT DO YOU DO TO ENCOURAGE THAT PROCESS?

Kramer: I THINK WE HAVE TO SHOW PEOPLE TIME AFTER TIME THAT THEIR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CAN BE THEIRS. AND ONE OF THE PIECES OF LEGISLATION WE TALKED ABOUT THIS TIME, THIS LAST TIME, WAS PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOLS AND THE OPPORTUNITY FOR PRIVATE INVESTORS TO BECOME PART OF LOCAL SCHOOLS. WE DIDN'T GET THAT COMPLETELY FINISHED. I HOPE WE WILL. I AM DETERMINED THAT IT IS PUBLIC SCHOOL, BUT I THINK IT GIVES COMMUNITIES OPPORTUNITIES THAT THEY DON'T SEE NOW.

Yepsen: SENATOR KRAMER, TWO WEEK AGO, OUTGOING ISU PRESIDENT MARTIN JISCHKE WAS ON THIS PROGRAM, AND HE SAID IT'S TIME TO RAISE TAXES. DO SENATE REPUBLICANS WANT TO RAISE TAXES IN IOWA?

Kramer: NO.

Yepsen: REPRESENTATIVE JOCHUM, DO HOUSE DEMOCRATS WANT TO RAISE TAXES IN IOWA TO PAY FOR EDUCATION?

Jochum: NO.

Yepsen: SO WHAT DO YOU SAY TO MARTIN JISCHKE WHEN HE SAYS WE NEED MORE RESOURCES?

Jochum: AGAIN, I THINK IT GOES BACK TO SETTING YOUR AGENDA AND YOUR PRIORITIES AND WHERE YOU WANT TO SPEND THE MONEY. DO YOU WANT TO MAKE SURE THAT YOUR NUMBER ONE FUNDING PROGRAM IS GOING TO BE HIGHER ED AND K THROUGH 12 EDUCATION? IF IT IS, YOU SET THE FUNDING THAT YOU NEED TO DO THAT AND THEN YOU LOOK AT ALL THE OTHER PROGRAMS THAT ARE STILL EXISTING AND HOW DO YOU PAY FOR THOSE AND WHICH OF THOSE DEPARTMENTS MAY HAVE PROGRAMS THAT ARE OBSOLETE, DUPLICATIVE, OR WHATEVER IT MIGHT BE AND GET RID OF THEM.

Yepsen: LET'S SWITCH GEARS, REPRESENTATIVE JOCHUM ?

Jochum: OKAY.

Yepsen: I MENTIONED ?

Jochum: BECAUSE I'VE BEEN ON HUMAN SERVICES. I KNOW WE DEAL WITH SOME OF THOSE ISSUES A LOT.

Yepsen: WE'RE INTO TAX POLICY HERE. I WANT TO TALK ABOUT TAXES FOR A MOMENT. WHAT WILL DEMOCRATS DO ABOUT IOWA'S TAXES IF VOTERS GIVE YOU CONTROL OF THE LEGISLATURE?

Jochum: I THINK THERE'S A COUPLE THINGS WE'LL WANT TO DO. ONE IS TO SIMPLIFY THE SYSTEM. THE OTHER THING IS TO GET RID OF FEDERAL DEDUCTABILITY. IT'S BEEN AN ONGOING ISSUE FOR MANY YEARS, AND IT'S TIME THAT WE ELIMINATE IT. IT'S A BENEFIT TO, QUITE FRANKLY, A HANDFUL OF PEOPLE.

Yepsen: AND SENATOR KRAMER, WHAT WILL REPUBLICANS DO WITH IOWA'S TAX SYSTEM IF VOTERS GIVE YOU ANOTHER TWO YEARS IN CONTROL?

Kramer: I THINK WE HAVE A RECORD OF HAVING DEALT PRETTY WELL WITH TAX POLICY OVER THE PAST YEARS AND THAT WE'LL CONTINUE TO DO THAT. I AGREE, SIMPLIFICATION IS IMPORTANT. I THINK DEDUCTABILITY IS AN ISSUE WE HAVE TO TALK ABOUT. I DON'T THINK IT IMPACTS OVERALL TAX POLICY IN A HUGE WAY, BUT IT IS SOMETHING WE HAVE TO TALK ABOUT. BUT ALSO THE ISSUES OF -- BACK TO EDUCATION -- ARE WE GOING TO CONTINUE TO SUPPORT EDUCATION TOTALLY ON PROPERTY TAX AND A FOUNDATION FORMULA? HOW ARE WE GOING TO APPROACH THAT? I THINK WE CAN GUARANTEE A REAL STEADY LOOK AT THAT, THAT REALLY STILL PROTECTS THE FAMILY'S POCKETBOOK.

Borg: REPRESENTATIVE JOCHUM, ANOTHER WAY TO INCREASE REVENUE IS TO, AS SENATOR KRAMER SAID A MOMENT AGO, GROW THE ECONOMY. THAT TAKES IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. YOU COME FROM AN AREA THAT'S, NUMBER ONE, A BORDER COMMUNITY, BORDERS ANOTHER STATE. AND, YOU ALSO HAVE THE "OUT OF A LARGE URBAN AREA" PERSPECTIVE. HOW ARE YOU GOING TO DEVELOP THE ECONOMY IN AREAS SUCH AS YOU REPRESENT?

Jochum: WELL, THE AREA THAT I REPRESENT ACTUALLY HAS -- IS A MASTERPIECE ON THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER. WE HAVE SOME NATURAL RESOURCES IN OUR AREA THAT WE ARE BEGINNING TO REALIZE THAT WE CAN POLISH A LITTLE BIT AND DEVELOP AND BECOME A MAJOR CONVENTION TOURISM CENTER IN THIS STATE, AND A GATEWAY INTO THE STATE. SO, OUR COMMUNITY HAS COME TOGETHER, BOTH GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE SECTOR, TO PUT TOGETHER A RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT PROJECT, WHICH IS CHANGING THE WHOLE FACE, OR LOOK, OF THE COMMUNITY.

Borg: BUT IS THE STATE DOING ENOUGH TO HELP YOU AND WHAT CAN BE DONE FOR OTHER ?

Jochum: THE STATE ACTUALLY HAS BEEN ENGAGED IN THAT PROJECT UP TO THIS POINT. AND NOW WITH THE NEW MILLENNIUM FUND, OR VIP FUND, THE COMMUNITY WILL BE MAKING THEIR CASE FOR SOME OF THOSE FUNDS AS WELL. I WILL SAY, THOUGH, THE COMMUNITY HAS COME FORTH WITH ABOUT $20 MILLION OF THEIR OWN FUNDS TO DATE TO GET THIS PROJECT MOVING.

Borg: SENATOR KRAMER, HOW DO YOU -- YOU SAID GROW THE ECONOMY. HOW DO YOU DO THAT?

Kramer: WE LOOK AT WAYS TO MAKE IT -- I'VE BEEN CONDUCTING A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH BUSINESS LEADERS, NOT ONLY IN IOWA BUT IN OTHER PARTS OF THE COUNTRY -- AND FINDING OUT WHAT DRIVES DECISION MAKING IN TERMS OF BUSINESS DECISION MAKING IN TERMS OF BUSINESS DECISION-MAKING AND SO, WE REALLY NEED TO LOOK AT: WHAT WILL ATTRACT WORKERS? WHAT WILL KEEP THEM? WHAT WILL KEEP THEM INTERESTED IN LIFE-LONG LEARNING, BECAUSE THAT'S GOING TO BE A CRITICAL POINT? AND WHAT'S THE AVAILABILITY OF LIFELONG LEARNING? AND THAT'S A CHUNK OF EDUCATION WE HAVEN'T YET TALKED ABOUT.

Borg: COMMUNITY COLLEGES?

Kramer: COMMUNITY COLLEGES.

Glover: REPRESENTATIVE JOCHUM, ONE OF YOUR ISSUES THAT YOU TALK A LOT ABOUT IS CAMPAIGN FINANCE REFORM. YOU'VE ADVOCATED A FORM OF PUBLIC FINANCING OF ELECTIONS. MOVING BEYOND THE MERITS OF THAT ISSUE, HOW DO YOU MAKE IT HAPPEN? HOW DO YOU PASS THAT LEGISLATION THAT YOU'VE BEEN UNABLE TO PASS UNTIL NOW?

Jochum: WELL, ONE WAY MIGHT BE TO ELECT DEMOCRATS. CERTAINLY, THAT WAS ONE OF THE GOVERNOR'S ITEMS, OR AGENDA ITEMS, AT THE BEGINNING OF THIS SESSION WAS CAMPAIGN FINANCE REFORM, AND HE GAVE US A PROPOSAL ON HOW HE WOULD LIKE TO SEE US CHANGE THE POLITICAL FINANCIAL SYSTEM FOR THE GOVERNOR'S OFFICE AND SAID, "NOW YOU ALL FIGURE OUT WHAT YOU WANT TO DO WITH YOURSELVES." AND, OF COURSE, I PUT A BILL IN ON THE CLEAN-ELECTION ACT. IT GOES BACK TO THE LEADERSHIP OF THE GOVERNOR AND LEADERSHIP OF THE HOUSE AND SENATE, BUT IT ALSO DEPENDS A GREAT DEAL ON CITIZENS. I'VE SAID IT OVER AND OVER AGAIN, CHANGE DOES NOT HAPPEN ON THE INSIDE, IT HAPPENS ON THE OUTSIDE OF THE CAPITOL. AND THAT GRASS-ROOTS MOVEMENT HAS BEEN BUILDING IN THE STATE. I'VE WATCHED IT AND I'VE BEEN A PART OF THAT ALREADY LAST YEAR IN COMMUNICATING WITH LOCAL OFFICIALS WHO ARE EVEN MORE DEMANDING OF THAT CHANGE THAT I SEE STATE LEGISLATORS INTERESTED IN. SO THAT MOVEMENT WILL HAVE TO HAPPEN.

Glover: IF THAT PUBLIC GROUNDSWELL IS IN PLACE, WHY ISN'T THE LEGISLATURE RESPONDING?

Jochum: AGAIN, I THINK IT'S THE LEADERSHIP THAT'S CURRENTLY IN CHARGE OF THE STATEHOUSE. THAT'S MY OPINION. AND I BELIEVE THAT DEMOCRATS WOULD LIKE TO SEE SOME SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN HOW WE FINANCE POLITICAL CAMPAIGNS AND GIVE PEOPLE THEIR VOICE BACK.

Yepsen: INCLUDING LIMITS ON WHAT UNIONS CAN SPEND?

Jochum: WELL, THE SYSTEM THAT I HAD INTRODUCED -- OH, OF COURSE. I HAD LIMITS -- IN ORDER, AS YOU KNOW -- YOU TWO KNOW THIS ISSUE AS WELL AS I DO OR BETTER -- ON "BUCKLEY VS. VALLEJO" -- THERE ARE CERTAIN THINGS THAT WE CAN AND CAN'T DO TO MEET CONSTITUTIONAL SCRUTINY. SO THE BILL THAT WAS INTRODUCED ON CLEAN ELECTIONS SET UP AN ALTERNATIVE SYSTEM. IT WAS A FULLY PUBLICLY FINANCED SYSTEM. I FIGURED IT OUT THAT IF EVERY PERSON WHO RAN FOR THE STATEHOUSE, EVERY PERSON WHO RAN FOR THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH OF GOVERNMENT OPTED INTO THE PUBLIC SYSTEM, IT WOULD COST TAXPAYERS $5 A YEAR.

Glover: SENATOR KRAMER, DO YOU SENSE A PUBLIC GROUNDSWELL FOR CHANGING THE CAMPAIGN FINANCE SYSTEM IN THIS STATE?

Kramer: NO, I DON'T.

Glover: DO YOU THINK IT'S AN ISSUE THAT PEOPLE NEED TO WORRY ABOUT?

Kramer: I THINK IT'S AN ISSUE THAT PEOPLE SHOULD BE INTERESTED IN. I'M NOT IN FAVOR OF PUBLIC FINANCING. THE IDEA THAT WE'RE TAKING MONEY FROM CRITICAL NEEDS TO PAY FOR RACES --

Glover: AS OPPOSED TO THE CURRENT SYSTEM WHERE WE'RE TAKING MONEY FROM RICH FAT CATS.

Kramer: OH, I DON'T AGREE WITH THAT DESCRIPTION EITHER, MIKE. I THINK WE'RE TAKING FROM A BROAD BASE OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE -- OR OF PRIVATE INFORMATION AND PRIVATE PEOPLE. I THINK IF SOMEBODY GIVES ME A $5 CONTRIBUTION OR A $10 CONTRIBUTION, WHICH I GET MANY, THAT THEY'RE ENGAGED IN THE PROCESS AND THEY'RE GOING TO VOTE FOR ME. I THINK THAT'S A CRITICAL PART OF HOW CAMPAIGNS WORK, AND I WOULDN'T LIKE TO SEE THAT PRIVATE OPPORTUNITY TAKEN AWAY.

Yepsen: REPRESENTATIVE JOCHUM, MIKE MENTIONED FAT CATS. WHAT ABOUT THE FLIP SIDE OF THAT QUESTION IN THIS ISSUE, AND THAT IS THE ISSUE OF FREE SPEECH? WHY DO YOU WANT TO REGULATE THE FREEDOM OF SPEECH?

Jochum: MY PROPOSAL WOULD NOT HAVE REGULATED THE FREEDOM OF SPEECH.

Yepsen: YOU'RE LIMITING WHAT PEOPLE CAN GIVE. THAT'S A FORM OF LIMITING SPEECH.

Jochum: WELL, --

Yepsen: THAT'S WHAT THE COURTS HAVE RULED.

Jochum: I KNOW. I UNDERSTAND THAT. THE SYSTEM THAT I HAD PROPOSED THOUGH, LEFT -- IF YOU WANT TO OPT INTO A PRIVATE SYSTEM, YOU STILL COULD, BUT I DID HAVE LIMITS ON HOW MUCH COULD BE RAISED THAT HAVE WITHSTOOD CONSTITUTIONAL SCRUTINY OR COURT RULINGS. SO IT WOULD LIMIT HOW MUCH THE FAT CATS CAN CONTRIBUTE TO A CAMPAIGN OR THE POLITICAL ACTION COMMITTEES, WHICH THIS STATE HAS NONE OF. AND ONE OF THE FEW STATES THAT HASN'T PUT ANY LIMITS ON CONTRIBUTIONS. MOST STATES HAVE, EVEN THE CONGRESS HAS. BUT IOWA HAS NOT. SO THE BILL HAD LIMITS FOR THOSE WHO OPTED INTO THE PRIVATE FUNDING. ON THE PUBLIC SIDE, YOU HAD TO DEMONSTRATE YOUR SUPPORT THAT YOU WERE A VIABLE CANDIDATE, AND YOU HAD TO GO OUT AND DEMONSTRATE THAT BY GETTING SMALL CONTRIBUTIONS FROM INDIVIDUALS WITHIN YOUR DISTRICT.

Yepsen: I WANT TO SWITCH GEARS. REPRESENTATIVE JOCHUM, ONE ISSUE THAT WAS IN FRONT OF THE LEGISLATURE THIS YEAR WAS UTILITY RATE RESTRUCTURING, DEREGULATION. DO YOU EXPECT THAT ISSUE TO BE BACK NEXT YEAR?

Jochum: UM, IT MIGHT BE. ALTHOUGH, AT LEAST IN MY CAUCUS, THERE WAS NOT THE SUPPORT TO MOVE THAT LEGISLATION FORWARD FOR MANY REASONS. ONE WAS RATE PROTECTION. THERE WAS NOT A COMFORT LEVEL THAT RATES WERE PROTECTED. THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT IN TERMS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY. I LOOK AT DEREGULATION AS AN OPPORTUNITY THAT WE HAVE NOT HAD IN EVER, QUITE FRANKLY, TO DEVELOP GREEN ENERGY, RENEWABLES, AND WE NEED TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THAT.

Yepsen: SENATOR KRAMER, DEREG GOING TO BE BACK NEXT TIME?

Kramer: YES, AND I DON'T THINK THAT A BILL THAT'S 140-SOME PAGES CAN BE DESCRIBED AS DEREGULATION. I THINK IT RESTRUCTURES THE INDUSTRY, AND I DO THINK THERE ARE IMPORTANT ISSUES THERE. AND, FRANKLY, I THINK WE MISSED AN OPPORTUNITY THIS YEAR. SO I DO BELIEVE IT WILL BE BACK IN FRONT OF US TO LOOK AT.

Glover: REPRESENTATIVE JOCHUM, IN ADDITION TO BOTH OF YOU BEING LEADERS IN THE CAUCUSES AND IN YOUR POLITICAL PARTIES, YOU'RE BOTH WOMEN. WOMEN ARE PLAYING AN INCREASINGLY LARGE ROLE IN THE LEGISLATURE. WILL THERE BE MORE WOMEN IN THE LEGISLATURE AFTER THIS ELECTION THAN THERE ARE RIGHT NOW?

Jochum: I THINK THERE WILL BE. DEMOCRATS HAVE RECRUITED, IN OUR CHAMBER, 20 WOMEN TO SEEK SEATS THIS YEAR, AND THAT'S QUITE A FEW JUST IN ONE POLITICAL PARTY. AND I SUSPECT A GOOD NUMBER OF THEM WILL WIN. THEY'RE STRONG CANDIDATES, THEY'RE OUT RAISING THE MONEY THEY NEED, AND THEY'RE DOING THE GRASS-ROOTS ORGANIZING. THEY'RE ALSO WOMEN WHO HAVE BEEN VERY CONNECTED TO THEIR COMMUNITY IN A NUMBER OF VOLUNTEER ORGANIZATIONS, THEIR WORKPLACE, WHATEVER. MY PERSONAL OPINION IS THAT THAT'S HOW MOST CANDIDATES WIN IS THEIR CONNECTION TO THEIR COMMUNITY, THEIR PERSONALITY, HOW HARD THEY GET OUT THERE AND MEET PEOPLE ONE ON ONE.

Glover: SENATOR KRAMER, SAME QUESTION TO REPUBLICANS. HAVE REPUBLICANS MADE AN EFFORT TO RECRUIT MORE WOMEN, TO BRING MORE WOMEN INTO THE LEGISLATURE? WILL THERE BE MORE WOMEN IN THE SENATE NEXT YEAR, WHICH IS -- THE SENATE, AS YOU KNOW, IS USUALLY REFERRED TO AS THE "OLD BOYS CLUB."

Kramer: RIGHT, RIGHT. I HOPE I'VE INFLUENCED THAT JUST A TINY BIT. BUT WE HAVE RECRUITED SOME REALLY EXCELLENT WOMEN CANDIDATES, REALLY A WHOLE SERIES OF CANDIDATES THAT I THINK ARE OUTSTANDING. AND AS REPRESENTATIVE JOCHUM SAID, WOMEN WHO HAVE BEEN CONNECTED WITH THEIR COMMUNITIES IN A BREADTH OF WAYS -- IN A BUSINESS WAY, PERHAPS, BUT ALSO IN THE VOLUNTEER SYSTEMS AND IN THE NOT-FOR-PROFIT SYSTEMS -- REALLY HAVE GREAT CONNECTIONS AND ARE ABLE TO USE THEM. SO I AM HOPEFUL THAT WE WILL SEE THESE WOMEN WHO ARE FINE CANDIDATES COME INTO THE LEGISLATURE.

Jochum: WE ONLY HAVE 31 WOMEN RIGHT NOW, OUT OF 150, AND WOMEN DO BRING A DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVE TO THE POLITICAL WORLD.

Yepsen: WHAT IS IT?

Jochum: I THINK -- I BELIEVE THAT -- I LOOK AT THE TERM, THE LENGTH OF TIME THAT I'VE BEEN IN THE LEGISLATURE, AND I BELIEVE THAT THE WOMEN ARE MORE WILLING TO SET ASIDE THEIR PARTISANSHIP AND WORK TOGETHER TO FIND SOME COMMON GROUND. LET ME GIVE YOU A COUPLE OF EXAMPLES OF BILLS I BELIEVE WE HAD TREMENDOUS IMPACT IN: ONE WAS 48-HOUR MATERNITY STAY. ONE WAS INCLUDING CONTRACEPTIVES IN OUR HEALTH INSURANCE POLICIES. ONE WAS THAT MAMMOGRAMS WILL BE PART OF HEALTH INSURANCE POLICIES. ANOTHER ISSUE, OR ANOTHER PLACE WHERE I BELIEVE WE MADE AN IMPACT, WAS HOW THAT TOBACCO SETTLEMENT MONEY WAS GOING TO BE USED OR SPENT. WE HAD A TREMENDOUS IMPACT THAT THOSE DOLLARS WOULD BE USED TO IMPROVE THE HEALTH OF CHILDREN AND PEOPLE IN THE STATE.

Yepsen: SENATOR KRAMER, ARE THERE SPECIAL IMPEDIMENTS TO WOMEN SERVING IN THE LEGISLATURE? I MEAN, WE'VE BEEN TALKING ABOUT WOMEN IN POLITICS FOR 20-SOME YEARS NOW. WHY IS IT ONLY THAT -- WHAT DID YOU SAY, REPRESENTATIVE JOCHUM, 30-SOME WOMEN OUT OF 150? ARE THERE SPECIAL IMPEDIMENTS OUT THERE?

Kramer: WELL, THERE ARE SOME IMPEDIMENTS THAT ARE KIND OF INHERENT FROM A SOCIETY STANDPOINT. I DON'T THINK THERE ARE HUGE BARRIERS TO PEOPLE WHO WANT TO GET TO THE LEGISLATURE, NO MATTER WHAT THEIR GENDER IS. BUT THE IDEA THAT WOMEN, IN MANY CASES, ARE STILL RAISING CHILDREN, THAT THEY ARE IN CAREERS, THEY HAVE A COMBINATION OF THINGS. THEIR PLATE'S KIND OF FULL. AND THE NOTION THAT THEY CAN PICK THAT UP AND COME TO DES MOINES FOR 4 MONTHS IS A DIFFICULT THING. IN MY OWN CASE, MY CAREER WAS PRETTY WELL ON ITS WAY. MY CHILDREN WERE GROWN UP WHEN I WAS ENCOURAGED TO RUN. IT GAVE ME AN OPPORTUNITY TO DO THAT. MY BACKGROUND, I THINK, PREPARED ME TO DO THAT. BUT THOSE ARE MORE THE BARRIERS THAN "CAN WE RAISE THE MONEY AND CAN WE WIN?" BECAUSE THE ANSWER TO BOTH OF THOSE QUESTIONS: YES, WE CAN.

Glover: REPRESENTATIVE JOCHUM, ONE OF THE -- PERHAPS THE HIGHEST-PROFILE ELECTION THAT'S ON THE BALLOT THIS YEAR WILL BE THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION. THERE ARE SEVERAL QUESTION THAT COME FROM THAT. ONE, YOU ENDORSED SENATOR BRADLEY DURING THE DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY. WHERE ARE YOU NOW? ARE YOU AN AL GORE SUPPORTER?

Jochum: SURE, I'M AN AL GORE SUPPORTER.

Glover: MOST POLLS SHOW GOVERNOR BUSH WITH THE LEAD, AND MOST POLLS SHOW THAT THE TWO CANDIDATES ARE SPLITTING THE WOMEN'S VOTE ABOUT EQUALLY. WHY DOESN'T VICE PRESIDENT GORE HAVE THE EDGE THAT DEMOCRATS TRADITIONALLY HAVE AMONG WOMEN? AND WHAT DOES HE NEED TO DO?

Jochum: GOOD QUESTION. I THINK THAT THE VICE PRESIDENT NEEDS TO JUST COMMUNICATE OR CONVEY THAT HE'S JUST A REAL GENUINE KIND OF PERSON AND THAT HE DOES CARE ABOUT HEALTH CARE ISSUES, THE ECONOMY. YOU KNOW, WE ALWAYS THINK OF WOMEN'S ISSUES AS CHILDREN AND CHILD CARE, AND CERTAINLY THOSE ARE ISSUES THAT SENATOR KRAMER AND I HAVE WORKED ON. I THINK WE'VE BEEN SOMEWHAT SUCCESSFUL IN THE LAST 8 YEARS SINCE WE'VE BEEN IN THE LEGISLATURE. BUT WE'RE JUST AS INTERESTED IN A LIVABLE WAGE, A FAIR WAGE, A FAIR TAX SYSTEM, AND DEVELOPING AN ECONOMY.

Glover: BUT WITH THE VICE PRESIDENT, IS IT ISSUES OR IS IT PERSONALITY?

Jochum: I THINK IT'S MORE PERSONALITY, TO BE VERY HONEST.

Glover: SENATOR KRAMER, WHAT DOES GOVERNOR BUSH OFFER TO WOMEN VOTERS THAT'S GIVEN HIM A BETTER-THAN-USUAL PERFORMANCE FOR A REPUBLICAN? AND WHAT DOES HE NEED TO CONTINUE TO DO TO KEEP THAT EDGE?

Kramer: I THINK HE HAS REACHED OUT IN HIS ROLE AS GOVERNOR AND LEARNED SOME THINGS ABOUT DEALING WITH EDUCATION AND INSISTING ON CHILDREN READING, LEARNING SOME THINGS ABOUT CHILD CARE, LEARNING SOME THINGS ABOUT GETTING FAMILIES ENGAGED IN THE WORK WORLD AND SUPPORTING THEMSELVES, BEING INDEPENDENT. AND HE IS FOCUSED ON THOSE BECAUSE OF HIS EXPERIENCE AND HIS OWN BELIEFS, AND THEY COME ACROSS AS THIS IS WHAT I CAN DO AND THIS IS WHAT I WILL DO.

Glover: AND THE SAME QUESTION I ASKED REPRESENTATIVE JOCHUM. IS THIS RACE ALL ABOUT ISSUES, OR IS IT ALL ABOUT JUST PERSONALITIES?

Kramer: OH, I THINK IT IS BOTH. I THINK IT IS BOTH. I DON'T -- YOU KNOW, AS A HUMAN RESOURCES EXECUTIVE, I BELIEVED IN EMPLOYEES. AS A POLITICIAN, I BELIEVE IN VOTERS. AND I DON'T THINK VOTERS ARE TOTALLY ENGROSSED IN PERSONALITIES. I THINK THEY HAVE TO HAVE SOME MEAT, IF YOU WILL THERE, THAT MEETS THEIR REQUIREMENTS BEFORE THEY GET ENGAGED WITH THE CANDIDATE.

Jochum: I ALSO MIGHT ADD, THOUGH, IT IS SO EARLY, AND I REMEMBER LAST YEAR AT THIS TIME, SENATOR BRADLEY HAD THE LEAD IN THE POLLS OVER GORE. IT'S JUST BEEN UP AND DOWN BETWEEN THE PARTIES, BETWEEN CANDIDATES WITHIN THE PARTIES, AND TODAY'S POLL WILL NOT BE THE POLL IN NOVEMBER.

Yepsen: SENATOR KRAMER, SOME CONSERVATIVE REPUBLICANS IN THE SENATE HAVE INDICATED TO ME THEY'RE NOT HAPPY WITH YOU AS AN URBAN OR SUBURBAN MODERATE. IS YOUR POSITION AS SENATE PRESIDENT SECURE IF REPUBLICANS KEEP --

Kramer: OH, I WOULD NEVER SAY A POSITION IS SECURE. I MUST SAY, THOUGH, THAT MY CONSERVATIVE COLLEAGUES HAVE INDICATED TO ME THAT THEY WORK VERY WELL WITH ME AND I WITH THEM. OFTEN, AT THE END OF SOMETHING, PARTICULARLY THAT'S FISCAL, THEY WILL SAY TO ME, WHICH IS HIGH PRAISE, "YOU ARE A TRUE CONSERVATIVE WOMAN."

Yepsen: SO, IF REPUBLICANS KEEP THE SENATE ?

Kramer: YES, I AM.

Yepsen: IF REPUBLICANS KEEP THE SENATE, YOU WOULD EXPECT TO RETAIN YOUR POSITION AS PRESIDENT?

Kramer: I'LL CERTAINLY HOPE TO DO SO AND WORK HARD TO EARN THAT HONOR AGAIN.

Borg: SENATOR KRAMER, REPRESENTATIVE JOCHUM, THAT YOU FOR BEING ON IOWA PRESS TODAY. ON OUR NEXT EDITION, WE TAKE TIME OUT TO SURVEY THE POLITICAL LANDSCAPE AS WE HEAD INTO THE SUMMER CAMPAIGN SEASON. OUR TEAM OF IOWA PRESS REPORTERS WILL BE GATHERING HERE AT THE IOWA PRESS TABLE TO REVIEW THE ISSUES DOMINATING THE ELECTION OF 2000 WE'VE JUST BEEN DISCUSSING HERE. THAT'S SCHEDULED FOR TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 7th. THAT WILL BE NEXT SUNDAY AT NOON AND 7:00 FOR A REPORTER'S ROUNDTABLE. I HOPE YOU'LL EAVESDROP. WE CLOSE WITH THIS REMINDER: IOWA PRESS IS NOW AVAILABLE ON THE WORLDWIDE WEB. EACH WEEK OUR WEB PAGE FEATURES WHAT'S TO COME ON IOWA PRESS, ALONG WITH COMMENTARIES FROM OUR TEAM OF IOWA PRESS REPORTERS, PLUS REPORTER BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES AND NEWSLINKS TO OTHER RELEVANT SOURCES, ALONG WITH TRANSCRIPTS FROM PAST EDITIONS OF IOWA PRESS. THAT'S IT FOR THIS WEEK'S EDITION OF IOWA PRESS. I'M DEAN BORG. THANKS FOR JOINING US TODAY.

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