Farm Digest with Chet Randolph.

Chet Randolph, Host, 1975-1990 -"Hello I'm Chet Randolph. Welcome t othe first edition of Farm Digest. There's an old saying that the only thing certain in life are death and taxes. Well in election year, that's not always the case."

Sec. Earl Butz, USDA, 1971-76 - "This is what the famer put in the heel and one slice. This is what somebody else put in that loaf. It cost more in this town this morning to deliver that loaf of bread from the bakery door to the supermarket shelf than it cost to put the wheat in it."

Chet Randolph, Host, 1975-1990 - "And remembre, the first week in January will start the new year with a new name Market to Market. Until then, I'm Chet Randolph. Thanks for joining us and have a good holiday."

President Jimmy Carter - "The 17 million tons of grain ordered by the Soviet Union in excess of that amount of which we are committed to sell will not be delivered. I am determined to minimize any adverse impact on the American farmer this action."

(Text) 1980 - President Carter orders partial embargo of U.S. grain sales to U.S.S.R. in response to Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.Critics say the embargo of 17 million metric tons of grain hurt U.S. farmers more than Moscow.

Sec. Bob Bergland, USDA, 1977-81 - "Our grain exports this year will exceed last year's business by 10 million tons without the Russians. We don't need them. They're more trouble than they're worth.

(Text) 1980 - U.S. farmland values average $609 per acre. In 13 states, land values climb 20% or more despite declining net farm income.

Sec. John Block, USDA, 1981-86 - "We are prepared to announce a massive acreage reduction program. And I think as most of you are aware setting land aside is not my cup of tea. One must understand the nature of American farmers to fully realize the significance of these figures.

(Text) 1983 - Payment-in-Kind (PIK) program rewards U.S. farmers for not planting. This and other support programs cost taxpayers an unprecedented $21.5 billion.

(Text) 1984 - Farm foreclosures become common. As global markets disappear, prices decline amidst a t ime of runway inflation.

Dr. Jon Wefald, Chancellor, U. of Minnesota, 1982-86 - "You know George Washington said that agriculture was our most important industry. Thomas Jefferson said that our tillers of the soil were our most important citizens and the backbone of our whole democratic republic. Then, David Stockman comes along and says unlike Washington, Jefferson, and Lincoln, farm bankruptcies are needed. Forget David Stockman. Forget David Stockman. We're tired of it.

(Text) 1985 - 15,000 producers and rual activists rally in Ames, Iowa. The event garners national media coverage, and calls attention to the plight of the American farmer.

Willie Nelson - "I thought one day maybe I'd be rich and have my own farm and then I'd have people working for me. And finally that happened and last year, I lost $800,000 feeding cattle."

(Text) 1985 - Willie Nelson hosts musical benefit for agriculture. Farm Aid attracts scores of music-loving fans, most of whom were college students.

Dixon Terry, Iowa Rural Activist - "We call on the Governor. We call on Governor Branstad and the legislature to declare to Congress that the '85 Farm Bill is totally indadequate."

Father Frank Cordaro, Social Activist - "Governor upon how well you listen to our people and respond will decide on how or whether people are going to live or die."

(Text) 1987 - Genetically modified organisms are tested despite alarms, by some, that scientists have unleashed a monster.

Bill Kirk, DuPont Ag. Enterprise - "Now all of a sudden we've got Silicon Valley in agriculture. We've got a big change."

Dean Kleckner, Pres. Am. Farm Bureau Fed., 1986-2000 - "And to have more government is like throwing a drowning man another bucket of water. It isn't what you need. We simply need to get to higher net farm income through the market system and get our checks from what we sell and not from the government."

(Text) 1988 - U.S. farm subsidies total $26 billion, up 767% from the $3 billion distributed in 1981.

Mark Pearson, Host, 1991-2012 - "Hello I'm Mark Pearson. The Federal Reserve this week reported signs of life in the the U.S. economy.

(Text) 1992 - America's pork industry becomes more concentrated. Increasingly, the operations are controlled by corporate investors. North Carolina's hog population swells to 4 million, up 200% from 1984.

Chuck Hassebrook, Center for Rural Affairs, 1977-Present - "Bringing in more corporate capital is going to mean a very changed nature in rural communities. It's going to start meaning that the primary returns to agriculture, traditionally in land ownership, will start flowing away from the people that work on the farm."

(Text) 1994 - The number of U.S. farms declines to 1.9 million --the fewest since 1850. Nevertheless, production of corn, soybeans and rice all soar to record highs.