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Bridging World History

Order and Early Societies (#106)

Through the rise of the Chinese empire, Mayan regional kingdoms, and the complex society of Igbo Ukwu, this unit considers the origins of centralized states and alternative political and social orders. [28 minutes] Closed Captioning

This episode has not aired in the past few months on Iowa Public Television.

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Series Description: Bridging World History, provides a comprehensive introduction that reflects multiple perspectives on the world's pasts. The series constructs a meaningful context that reveals a shared human past, and helps students and teachers develop a global framework that makes the past both relevant and accessible.

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  • Maps, Time, and World History (#101)

    How does our knowledge of geography and distant times affect our understanding of world history? This unit uses maps, calendars and examinations of commonly held ideas about different parts of the world - from the Mediterranean to the Pacific Rim -- to create a new approach to history.
    Watch it Online
    http://www. learner.org/resources/series197.html [28 minutes]

  • History and Memory (#102)

    How are history and memory different? Topics in this unit range from the celebration of Columbus Day to the demolition of a Korean museum to the historical re-interpretation of Mayan civilization, exploring the ways historians, nations and individuals capture, exploit, and know the past. [28 minutes]

  • Human Migrations (#103)

    How did the many paths of human migration people the planet? From their origins on the African continent, humans have spread across the globe. This unit explores how and why early humans moved across Africa, Eurasia, and the Americas, based on recent studies in archaeology and linguistics. [28 minutes]

  • Agricultural and Urban Revolutions (#104)

    What do historians know about the earliest farmers and herders, and the evolution of cities? Newly emerging evidence about the “cradles of civilization” is examined in light of the social, technological, and cultural complexity of recently discovered settlements and cities. [28 minutes]

  • Early Belief Systems (#105)

    How did people begin to understand themselves in relation to the natural world and to the unseen realms beyond? In this unit, animism and shamanism in Shinto are contrasted with philosophical and ethical systems in early Greece and China, and the beginnings of Zoroastrianism, Hinduism, and Judaism. [28 minutes]

  • The Spread of Religions (#107)

    How do religions interact, adopt new ideas, and adapt to diverse cultures? As the missionaries, pilgrims, and converts of Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam moved around the world, the religions created change and were themselves changed. [28 minutes]

  • Early Economies (#108)

    How do societies assign value to land, labor, and material goods? Manorial economies in Japan and medieval Europe are contrasted with the tribute economy of the Inka, and the experience of dramatic economic change is illustrated by the commercial revolution in China. [28 minutes]

  • Connections Across Land (#109)

    How were land-based trade routes conduits of both commerce and culture? The Eurasian Silk Roads, the trans-Saharan Gold Roads, and the Meso-American Turquoise Road trace the transmission of commodities, religions, and diseases, as well as the movements of people. [28 minutes]

  • Connections Across Water (#110)

    How were water routes used as conduits of expansion and trade? The traders of the Indian Ocean, the early Mississippians, and the Norsemen carried death and disease, skills and technologies, philosophies and religion down rivers and across oceans. [28 minutes]

  • Early Empires (#111)

    What makes an “empire”? Through the Mongol, Mali, and Inka empires, this unit examines the construction of empires, their administrative structures, legitimating ideologies, and the environmental and technological conditions that shaped them. [28 minutes]

  • Transmission of Traditions (#112)

    What are traditions and how are they transmitted? Islamic Spain, Korea, and West Africa provide examples of many different modes of transmission, including oral, written, artistic, and architectural. [28 minutes]

  • Family and Household (#113)

    In this unit examining West Asia, Europe, and China, families and households become the focus of historians, providing a window into the private experiences in world societies, and how they sometimes become a model for ordering the outside world. [28 minutes]

  • Land and Labor Relationships (#114)

    What factors shape the ways in which basic resources are exploited by a society? From Southeast Asia to Russia, Africa, and the Americas, the ratios between land availability and the usable labor force were the primary basis of pre-industrial economies, but politics, environment, and culture played a part as well. [28 minutes]

  • Early Global Commodities (#115)

    What is globalization and when did it begin? Before the 16th century, the world’s main monetary substances were silver, gold, copper, and shells. But it was China’s demand for silver and Spain’s newly discovered mines in the Americas that finally created an all-encompassing network of global trade. [28 minutes]

  • Food, Demographics and Culture (#116)

    Studying the production and consumption of food allows historians to uncover levels of meaning in social relationships, understand demographic shifts, and trace cultural exchange. This unit examines the earliest impact of globalization including changing cuisine, environmental impact, and the rise of forced labor. [28 minutes]

  • Ideas Shape the World (#117)

    This unit traces the impact of European Enlightenment ideals in the American and Haitian revolutions and in South America. It also examines the revitalization of Islam expressed in the Wahhabi movement as it spread from the Arabian peninsula to Africa and Asia. [28 minutes]

  • Rethinking the Rise of the West (#118)

    How does historical scholarship change over time, and why do the perspectives of historians shift? This unit recaps the economic and political events that led to the rise of the West, but examines and re-examines those events through differing opinions of its causes. [28 minutes]

  • Global Industrialization (#119)

    How was the industrial revolution a global process, not just a European or American story? This unit links Cuba, Uruguay, Europe, and Japan, examining the impact of industry on trade, environment, culture, technology, and lives around the world. [28 minutes]

  • Imperial Designs (#120)

    What lasting impacts did modern imperialism have on the world? The profound consequences of imperialism are examined in the South African frontier and Brazil, where politics, culture, industrial capitalism, and the environment were shaped and reshaped. [28 minutes]

  • Colonial Identities (#121)

    How did colonialism and eventual decolonization mutually affect the colonizer and the colonized? From Zanzibar to India, colonial and post-colonial identities are examined through clothing. [28 minutes]

  • Global War and Peace (#122)

    How “global” were the World Wars? This unit examines Japanese imperialism, the Belgian Congo, and twentieth century peace institutions to study how local, national, ethnic, and religious conflicts shaped these wars and their aftermaths. [28 minutes]

  • People Shape the World (#123)

    What is the impact of the individual in world history? This unit examines the role of individual and collective action in shaping the world through the lives of such diverse figures as Mao Zedong, the Ayatollah Khomeini, and Las Madres de la Plaza de Mayo. [28 minutes]

  • Globalization and Economics (#124)

    How have the forces of globalization shaped the modern world? This unit travels from the Soviet Union to Sri Lanka and Chile to study the role of technology and the impact of economic and political changes wrought by globalization. [28 minutes]

  • Global Popular Culture (#125)

    From World Cup soccer to Coca Cola, modern icons reflect the intertwined cultural, political, and commercial dimensions of globalization. This unit listens to and looks at the music and images of global production and consumption from reggae to the Olympics. [28 minutes]

  • World History and Identity (#126)

    How have global forces redefined both individual and group identity in the modern world? This unit examines the transnational identity that emerged from the Chinese diaspora, and compares it to a newly redefined national Chechen identity forged through war with Russia. [28 minutes]

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