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Frontline

Spying on the Home Front (#2512)

Hedrick Smith reports on how the National Security Agency's domestic surveillance program works. [56 minutes] Closed Captioning

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Information For Teachers

Grade Levels
9-12
Curricular Areas
Social Studies
Series Length
346 episodes
Average Episode Length
68 minutes
Record Rights
Record and retain for 1 year from each broadcast. No duplication allowed.
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Series Description: As PBS' premier public affairs series, FRONTLINE's stature is reaffirmed each week through incisive documentaries covering the scope and complexity of the human, social and political experience.

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  • Frontline

    [56 minutes]

  • A Class Divided (#309)

    One of the most requested programs in FRONTLINE's 20-year history, this 1985 documentary recounts one small town teacher's attempt to teach her students about racism and discrimination. In 1968, on the day after Martin Luther King, Jr.'s assassination, elementary school teacher Jane Elliott decided to try a bold experiment: she began awarding special privileges to her blue-eyed students while discriminating against those whose eyes were brown. What's more, she actively encouraged the blue-eyed children to discriminate against their brown-eyed classmates. In "A Class Divided," FRONTLINE tracks down Mrs. Elliott's former third-graders to learn what effect those early lessons on racism and diversity had on their attitudes and behavior later in life. [56 minutes]

  • Memory of the Camps (#318)

    This film by Alfred Hichcock shows the atrocities of the Nazi death camps first hand in 1945. [58 minutes]

  • Who Was Lee Harvey Oswald? (#1205)

    FRONTLINE marks the 40th anniversary of President Kennedy's assassination with this encore broadcast - an investigative biography of the man at the center of the political crime of the century. The three-hour documentary traces Oswald's life from his boyhood to that fateful day in Dallas, November 22, 1963, posing a number of questions: Was Oswald the emotionally disturbed "lone gunman?" Was he one of two gunmen that day in Dallas? Or was he an unwitting scapegoat for the real assassins? [172 minutes]

  • The Godfather of Cocaine (#1309)

    This documentary chronicles the rise and fall of the richest and most violent cocaine drug lord, Pablo Escobar. Before Columbian police and the U. S. Drug Enforcement Agency hunted him down and killed him, Escobar built an estimated $4 billion fortune through international cocaine smuggling alliances and the violent repression of enemies. This program traces the rise of Escobar from petty thief to drug lord; examines the structure and reach of the Medellin Cartel; and describes his status and influence in Colombia, where Escobar brought about a virtual civil war to fight extradition and managed to have himself incarcerated in a resort-style prison of his own construction. This episode concludes by chronicling his escape and flight and the events that led to his discovery and death. It also points out that Escobar's demise had essentially no effect on the international drug trade. [56 minutes]

  • Waco - The Inside Story (#1401)

    This program investigates the April, 1993 FBI siege of the Branch Davidian compound outside of Waco, Texas. With access to secret government documents, audio and videotapes, correspondent Peter Boyer of the "New Yorker" provides an inside story of all the events at Waco. During the longest shoot-out in America, the ATF is outgunned and defeated by the Branch Davidians. With two dead ATF agents, the FBI is brought in. The FBI's approach is split between the HRT (Hostage Rescue Team), who are inclined towards action, and the negotiators, who wait for results. Facing continual setbacks in its attempt to negotiate with David Koresh, and feeling that it is Koresh who is now in control, the chief negotiator recommends escalation of action. Local FBI members pressure the new attorney general to use tear gas. Fearful of danger to the children, Reno agrees to the use of tear gas after the FBI eliminates all of her objections. Rather than getting the Branch Davidians, however, the tear gas serves as a catalyst for the starting of a fire which eventually burned the Waco compound down. Only nine escape the fire; all the others either are shot to death or die from smoke inhalation. This program probes the untold story of the fierce political infighting inside the FBI's Waco command center and the corridors of power at the justice department. [56 minutes]

  • The Gulf War (Pt. 1) (#1407)

    The first part of this two-program series investigates what really happened during the invasion of Kuwait, the months of diplomatic maneuvering, the air war and ground assault. The show is built around dozens of interviews with key political and military leaders in the United States, its allies, and Iraq, as well as soldiers on both sides of the front line. Key interviews include General Norman Schwarzkopf, General Colin Powell, former secretary of state James Baker, former defense secretary Richard Cheney, Margaret Thatcher, Mikhail Gorbachev, Hosni Mubarek of Egypt, Jordan's King Hussein, and Israeli Premier Yitzhak Shamir. In this episode, the program focuses on the political climate in Iraq before the Gulf War and how these conditions led to war. Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein believed the United States would not do anything about his attack on Kuwait, thinking local Arabs would not work with the United States and that the United States would be reluctant to fight a war similar to the Vietnam conflict. For President Bush's staff, the Gulf War is seen as the first test of the American promise for a post-Cold War world order. Hussein is viewed as another Hitler, due to the extreme violence against the Kuwaitis and his desire to take over other Arab oil fields. After building international support and after the U.N. deadline for the Iraqi retreat passed, the air war began. The program details the air war with airmen interviews and video of their attacks. It became clear that the war could not be won by air power alone; a land army would have to be involved to win the war. Note: This series, which originally aired in 1996 on the fifth anniversary of the Gulf War, takes a historical look at the events surrounding the war. The programs capture such current leaders as Colin Powell and Dick Cheney in their roles during the 1991 conflict. [116 minutes]

  • The Gulf War (Pt. 2) (#1408)

    This program, the second of a two-part look at the Gulf War, investigates what happened behind the scenes in the planning and execution of the air war and ground assault, and during the post-war rebellion inside of Iraq. Through interviews with key political and military leaders in the U.S., allied countries, and Iraq, as well as soldiers on both sides of the front line, the program focuses on the quick and terrible land and air battle of the Gulf War and the political decisions made in not continuing the war until the defeat of Saddam Hussein. Fearing another situation like the Vietnam War, the United States wanted to get out of the quagmire of Iraq and accepted all of Iraq's demands. It was President Bush's hope that, after Hussein's resounding defeat, an uprising within Iraq would displace Hussein. However, when the Kurds began their revolt, the United States did not support them. Ultimately with Hussein still in power, the United States' victory in the Gulf War seems hollow. Note: This series, which originally aired in 1996 on the fifth anniversary of the Gulf War, takes a historical look at the events surrounding the war. The programs capture such current leaders as Colin Powell and Dick Cheney in their roles during the 1991 conflict. [116 minutes]

  • So You Want to Buy A President? (#1410)

    This program investigates the expected $300 billion flowing into the 1996 presidential campaign. Correspondent Robert Krulwich exposes what big financial donors want for their campaign contributions and documents how the process works. Krulwich discovers a small group of people who know how to "play the game," contributing money and raising money to have absolute impact on legislation that affects their company or industry. The program focuses on large donations from the CEO's of Chiquita Banana and Gallo Wine and how their companies have profited from favorable treatment. Contributions, however, are not limited to money, and can include gifts such as loans of jets for the candidates' use. Nor are these contributions limited to the presidential candidates, for they can also involve the candidates' wives. Industry leaders now contribute to both political parties to ensure control. The presidential race is seen as an auction. Krulwich details this barter system, exploring how large contributors manage to edge out their competitors through their political influence. The program closes with talk about the need for -- and probability of -- campaign finance reform. [56 minutes]

  • Smoke in the Eye (#1413)

    In "Smoke in the Eye", Frontline investigates the war between network news and the tobacco industry in the wake of the $10 billion libel suit against ABC and the controversial decision by CBS not to allow "60 Minutes" to air an explosive interview with a tobacco company whistle-blower. Correspondent Daniel Schorr reports on the long, strange journey of leaked internal documents stating that the tobacco industry knowingly used nicotine as an addictive ingredient in cigarettes and the resulting battle the tobacco industry waged to keep this information from the public. The media, long thought to be "guardians of truth," are told by their lawyers to stay away from the story. With media companies such as ABC and CBS being bought by large corporations with significant ties to the tobacco industry, the program ponders whether newsrooms will continue to aggressively report on corporate America. With the increasing control of "big business," the show asks," will making money become more important than reporting the news?" [56 minutes]

  • Secret Daughter (#1505)

    In this program, Frontline producer June Cross tells the intricate story of her own family through the prism of the changing face of race relations in America. Cross, born to a white mother and an African-American father in the early 1950's, was given away by her mother to live with a black family in Atlantic City when she was four. She only saw her mother and stepfather, TV star Larry Storch, on visits to Hollywood during school vacations. But Cross's mother was afraid that her husband's career would be destroyed if the truth about Cross were discovered, so she kept her a secret. This expanded Frontline takes viewers on an epic journey across the racial divide, into the hidden world of Hollywood and deep into the complicated relationship between a daughter and the mother who gave her away. [116 minutes]

  • Betting on the Market (#1506)

    For fourteen years, Wall Street has produced record gains and has been embraced by America as the place where hopes and dreams can be realized -- but do Americans understand the nature of the risk? This program traces the seduction of baby boomers into the stock market and looks at its implications for U.S. corporations. The program follows Garrett Van Wagoner, one of the nation's hottest mutual fund managers, and tells the story of Peter Lynch, celebrated manager of Fidelity's Magellan Fund. [60 minutes]

  • What Jennifer Saw (#1508)

    This episode examines the reliability of eyewitness identification in criminal cases. In 1984, Jennifer Thompson, a 22-year-old college student in Burlington, North Carolina endured a brutal sexual assault. Little did she know that the conviction of her alleged assailant would take her and the accused, a young man named Ronald Cotton, on a torturous journey through the American justice system. Although the physical evidence was scanty, Cotton was eventually convicted of two rapes and ordered to serve two life sentences, primarily due to Thompson's eyewitness identification. He never wavered from his declaration of innocence, and even met a fellow prisoner whom he said committed the rapes. After 10 years in prison, Cotton's case came to the attention of law professor Rich Rosen, who applied the newer techniques of DNA testing on semen samples collected at the crime scene, now a standard forensic procedure in rape investigations. Through testing, Cotton was cleared of any wrongdoing, and the real rapist was convicted. Frontline interviews the participants in this compelling story about the validity of visual identification. [58 minutes]

  • Murder, Money, and Mexico (#1510)

    For six years, Carlos and Raul Salinas ruled Mexico -- Carlos as president, his brother Raul as his political fixer. The brothers convinced Washington, Wall Street, and the Mexican people that a new age of political freedom and prosperity had dawned for Mexico. But in 1994, within days of Salinas leaving office, the Mexican economy collapsed, throwing the world financial system into crisis and revealing a story of scandal, corruption and murder which left Carlos in exile and Raul in prison. This documentary follows this modern fable of two brothers, exploring the charges of corruption in the Salinas government and examining the fallout of Mexico's economic demise for America and the world. [56 minutes]

  • Nazi Gold (#1518)

    It may be the final tragedy of the Holocaust. For years, many survivors and their families have tried in vain to collect assets deposited in Swiss banks before the war. Most were turned away empty-handed. Today, new information about Switzerland's financial relationship to the Nazi war effort has blemished its long-held reputation of neutrality. Frontline examines the Swiss role in supporting Nazi Germany and explores the internal politics in Switzerland that allowed their border police to turn fleeing Jews away, into the hands of the Gestapo. The program also examines the Swiss response as they have been forced to address Holocaust survivors seeking reparations. [60 minutes]

  • Once Upon A Time In Arkansas (#1601)

    As charges and counter-charges surrounding Arkansas business deals plague the White House, Frontline takes a close look at the personal finances of Bill and Hillary Clinton. Correspondent Peter Boyer investigates the Clintons' past in Arkansas and reveals fresh evidence that casts new light on the troubles reaching into the private quarters of the White House. [56 minutes]

  • Last Battle of the Gulf War (#1607)

    In the years following the return home of the last U.S. troops who participated in the ground war in the Persian Gulf, attention has turned from the historic victory to a strange new sickness the press has dubbed Gulf War Syndrome. But while many veterans believe something in the Gulf made them sick, scientists argue Gulf War veterans are not dying or being hospitalized at a higher-than-average rate. FRONTLINE tells the story of how Gulf War Syndrome came into existence, examining the psychology of war, the politics of veterans affairs, and the roles of the media and the biomedical research community. [56 minutes]

  • My Retirement Dreams (#1608)

    "I began my journey as a voyeur in the landscape of old age, but when it was over I was an insider," says FRONTLINE producer Marian Marzynski. Marzynski, who calls himself somewhere between a "boomer and a geezer," takes viewers on a personal journey into America's way of growing old. As the baby boom generation begins to anticipate old age, Marzynski settles into the life of Miami Beach's condo complexes, investigating the retirees' struggle to leave behind their old lives and to find new meaning and new joy in life's final chapter. [56 minutes]

  • The Two Nations of Black America (#1609)

    Today, America has the largest black middle class in its history, yet half of all black children are born into poverty. Have the walls of segregation tumbled down, only to be replaced by walls of class? FRONTLINE correspondent and Harvard University professor Henry Louis Gates Jr., grapples with the issues facing the "two nations of black America" as he takes a personal journey that measures the distance between the beneficiaries of Affirmative Action and those they left behind. [56 minutes]

  • From Jesus to Christ: The First Christians - Pax Romana/A Light To The Nations (#1610)

    Explores the life of Jesus and depicts on the origins of Christianity using historical evidence. [115 minutes]

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  • From Jesus to Christ: The First Christians - (Pt.2) (#1612)

    Explores the life of Jesus and depicts on the origins of Christianity using historical evidence. [115 minutes]

    Watch This Episode Online

  • The High Price of Health (#1614)

    Managed health care--has it become "Big Business", primarily concerned with the managing of money while rationalizing the health care of Americans? Frontline's "HMOs: The High Price of Health" takes viewers behind the scenes to speak with physicians and CEO's of various non-profit and profit health managed organizations, where money seems to be increasing and quality service is on the decrease. [56 minutes]

  • Busted: America's War On Marijuana (#1615)

    The United States government spends nearly $2.5 billion each year to process arrests related to marijuana production and sales, which often carry severe penalties. While the war on marijuana may be going strong do the results prove it a boom or a bust? FRONTLINE explores the impact of current policy on stemming the tide of marijuana use and looks at how marijuana law enforcement is affecting American life. [56 minutes]

  • Inside The Tobacco Deal (#1616)

    "Inside the Tobacco Deal" --FRONTLINE goes inside the tobacco deal, telling the intriguing tale of how a group of small-town lawyers from the nation's poorest state brought Big Tobacco to the bargaining table. FRONTLINE correspondent Lowell Bergman follows the trail of confidential Brown & Williamson documents that were leaked, examines the role of former presidential advisor Dick Morris in shaping Clinton's stance on tobacco, and reveals new information about the government's criminal case against the tobacco industry. [56 minutes]

  • Secrets of An Independent Counsel (#1617)

    "Secrets of an Independent Counsel" --In the first in-depth television interview ever given by a sitting independent counsel, Donald Smaltz takes FRONTLINE inside his investigation of former Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy. FRONTLINE correspondent Peter Boyer steps behind the current controversy about Kenneth Starr to find out what these independent counsels really want, how far they'll go to get it, and why they cost so much money. [56 minutes]

  • The World's Most Wanted Man (#1618)

    "The World's Most Wanted Man" --FRONTLINE examines the dramatic hunt for Radovan Karadzic, the notorious Bosnian Serb leader indicted for atrocities by the War Crimes Tribunal in the Hague, but still at large in the former Yugoslavia. The film investigates Karadzic's rise to power, the war crimes committed during his rule, and why NATO and U.S. forces have failed to arrest him. [86 minutes]

  • Fooling with Nature (#1619)

    In this episode, Frontline examines new evidence in the controversy over the danger of manmade chemicals to human health and the environment, thirty-five years after Rachel Carson first raised concerns of an impending ecological crisis. Currently, millions in research and public relations dollars are being spent in the battle, and President Clinton is calling this one of his top environmental priorities. The film takes viewers inside the world of scientists, politicians, activists, and business officials embroiled in this high-stakes debate that threatens the multibillion dollar chemical industry. [56 minutes]

  • The Farmer's Wife (#1701)

    Filmmaker David Sutherland is invited for 3-years into the real-lives of Juanita and Darrel Buschkoetter as they struggle to save both a family farm and a marriage. The first episode begins in 1995 on Juanita's 28th birthday. Darrel's dream of having a successful farming operation is thrawed by drought. To make ends meet, Darrel takes a full-time job at an irrigation manufacturing plant while Juanita does day work in homes and manages the day-to-day tasks of farm life including raising their three daughters. Though Juanita and Darrel negotiate their responsibilities and the finances for the family and the farm, their efforts are constantly challenged by loan officers and creditors, and even extended family members whose expectations exceed their material circumstances. Even when a daughter becomes sick, Juanita must ask her in-laws for $39 to cover a doctor visit. Juanita struggles to maintain confidence in her husband and the farm, but appears to be losing the battle against her own frustrations and disappointments. [116 minutes]

  • The Farmer's Wife (#1702)

    David Sutherland continues his probe into the lives of a farmer and his wife in this three-part documentary. Part two focuses on the couple and their three daughters as they struggle against debt, weather, and each other to hold on to their property and their marriage. "The Farmer's Wife" is a touching and inspirational piece that examines the life of a woman who sacrifices her joys, aspirations, and education to support her husband and raise her family. The program witnesses the arguments, such unavoidable problems like the killing of their best cow by lightning, methods for surviving such as joining a food exchange program, and attempts at keeping joy and hope in the family with daily mass. [116 minutes]

  • The Farmer's Wife (Pt. 3) (#1703)

    In the third and final part of David Sutherland's "The Farmer's Wife," viewers follow the Buschkoetter's as they rectify their financial problems and attempt to solve family problems. Darrel prepares to take over his father's farm, while Juanita deals with her mother's visit and her own family's negativity towards Darrel and his farming dream. Through counseling and family communication the Buschkoetters are able to hold their family together during very testing financial and spiritual times. The program closes on an upbeat as Juanita attains one goal, her associates degree. [146 minutes]

  • Ambush In Mogadishu (#1704)

    With U.S. special forces now participating in a ground war in Afghanistan, FRONTLINE has updated this 1998 investigation of a United States peacekeeping mission gone awry. On October 3, 1993, elite units of U.S. Army Rangers and Delta Force were pinned down on the streets of Mogadishu by forces of the Somali warlord Mohammed Farah Aidid. Seventeen hours later, 18 American soldiers were dead and 75 lay wounded. The Rangers and Delta Force are now fighting in Afghanistan. FRONTLINE investigates new charges that Osama bin Laden trained and supported the Somali fighters responsible for the attack and explores the lessons learned by the U.S. military. [56 minutes]

  • Washington's Other Scandal (#1705)

    "Frontline" explores the issues of campaign finance reform. The 1996 presidential campaign was the most expensive, and perhaps the most corrupt in history. The congressional hearings into the campaign's financial abuses have only presented the public with a confusing tangle of partisan accusations and morass of unconnected details. In a special report with Bill Moyers, "Frontline" reviews the available evidence and testimony from the recent congressional hearings to create a surprising and troubling narrative of the selling of the presidency. [56 minutes]

  • Plague War (#1706)

    FRONTLINE presents new evidence culled from scientists, terrorist groups, military intelligence and policy makers to examine the threat biological sarfare poses to world security and the responses some Western nations are frantically developing. Today, there are 10 nations in the world conducting offensive biological warfare weapon programs. Cheap, and now technologically possible to produce and refine into weapons of mass destruction, biological warfare has the potential to do as much damage to civilian populations as nuclear weapons. [56 minutes]

  • The Child Terror (#1707)

    In the midst of a sudden willingness to believe that children were being ritually abused in day-care centers during the 1980s, parents, police, prosecutors, and the press turned Miami, Florida, into ground zero for a new way of convicting alleged child molesters. Led by Florida's then-prosecuting attorney, Janet Reno, alleged abusers were relentlessly pursued and convicted with a zeal unmatched in the nation. Today, as some of Reno's celebrated cases seem to be unraveling, FRONTLINE correspondent Peter J. Boyer examines the convictions that were a stunning triumph for the crusading prosecuting attorney and created an emerging political model that would be emulated by prosecutors across the country. [56 minutes]

  • Fat (#1708)

    Fat. Driven by a primitive survival instinct for this once-scarce source of nourishment, the human brain craves it. Today, as we are inundated by tens of thousands of food ads each year, influenced by a standard of beauty built on being thin and fighting this primal craving, the incidence of obesity is rising around the world. FRONTLINE travels the globe in search of the causes of the obesity crisis and its health implications. The program examines how media and cultural ideals as well as biology and genetics influence our relationship with food and asks if it is possible to be fat and fit. ~ [56 minutes]

  • Snitch (#1709)

    America's war on drugs has created a new breed of witness-- the informant. With the prospect of mandatory life sentences with drug crimes, the only option to escape their fate is to render assistance to federal prosecutors. FRONTLINE takes a critical look at how the federal government uses informants in drug prosecution and the effect it has had on the U.S. judicial system. [86 minutes]

  • The Triumph of Evil (#1710)

    It is one of the most shameful stories of the post-Cold War world. Eight-hundred thousand Tutsis were slaughtered by the Hutu majority in Rwanda while the West turned a blind eye. As the U.N.'s Genocide Convention -- created to make sure genocide would never happen again -- marks its 50th anniversary, FRONTLINE examines the role of Britain, France, the U.S. and the U.N. as they ignored the warnings and evidence of impending massacre and looks at how two detectives called in by the Convention to investigate the Rwandan genocide came to fear the U.N. itself didn't want them to succeed. [56 minutes]

  • The Execution (#1711)

    FRONTLINE explores capital punishment through the story of Clifford Boggess, a 30-year-old criminal who spends nearly a decade on death row. Boggess, former star athlete, honor student, pianist, artist, Catholic convert, orphan and convicted murderer, is sentenced to death, after having committed brutal murders of two elderly storeowners in a small Texas town. Repeated glimpses into Boggess' character show a remorseful man, apologizing to his victims' families, asking for God's forgiveness, and willingly accepting his fate on the injection table. However, Frontline examines the deeper implications behind this man's sentence: how Boggess' death offers no definitive solution to the anger and pain suffered by the victims and their families, and why death perhaps cannot be considered punishment for a troubled man who seems to accept it with open arms. [86 minutes]

  • Russian Roulette (#1712)

    It has been eight years since the Cold War ended, but the threat of a nuclear nightmare may not be over. In 1995, Russian President Yeltsin came within two minutes of launching a nuclear attack because of faulty signals from a disintegrating Russian early warning system. FRONTLINE investigates the security of the Russian nuclear arsenal, interviewing U.S. and Russian military commanders and scientists about the menacing potential for catastrophe in the former Soviet Union. And with social and economic chaos rife in this former super power, Russian military officers reveal how nuclear suitcase bombs and missile parts may have gone missing on the international black market. [56 minutes]

  • Hunting Bin Laden (#1713)

    On Friday, August 7, 1998, two car bombs exploded simultaneously at United States embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, killing 268 people and injuring more than 5,000. In the days and weeks that followed, investigators from the CIA and the FBI rapidly closed in on a series of suspects. The accused mastermind of the bombings was named almost immediately--Usama Bin Laden, an exiled Saudi millionaire. But was this the work of an individual terrorist or the symptom of more deeply rooted vendettas against the United States? FRONTLINE, in collaboration with the New York Times, investigates Bin Laden, his followers, and the Africa bombings. [56 minutes]

  • Spying On Sadaam (#1714)

    In the wake of Operation Desert Fox, the U.S. assault on Iraq last December, UNSCOM- the special UN commission created to find and destroy Saddam Hussein's weapons of mass destruction- has disintegrated amid charges it was really a spy agency. Scott Ritter, former U.S. Marine and UNSCOM inspector, claims U.S. Intelligence destroyed UNSCOM's credibility when American spies penetrated and compromised the UN arms inspection teams. FRONTLINE investigates Ritter's charges and asks, who really killed UNSCOM? [56 minutes]

  • Give War A Chance (#1715)

    FRONTLINE explores the bitter divide between military and civilian attitudes of when, where and why America employs military force. Correspondent Peter J. Boyer explores the gulf between what American diplomats want and what the military is prepared to deliver. Boyer traces the idealogical collision over intervention in Vietnam to Bosnia between U. S. Envoy to Bosnia Richard Holbrooke and former NATO Commander Admiral Leighton Smith. Their careers, military actions and clashes in belief represent a most vivid example of the critical divide in American foreign policy. [56 minutes]

  • The Long Walk of Nelson Mandela (#1716)

    The political leader credited with the reversal of apartheid in a South Africa is profiled. [115 minutes]

  • Making Babies (#1717)

    FRONTLINE examines the revolution in reproduction and the entrepreneurial atmosphere that imbues the practice of infertility medicine today. On the cusp of a new millennium, we can now visit the Internet and choose sperm and egg donors by their genetic profiles. And soon, cloning will do away with the need for sperm altogether. The program looks at how these new technologies hold great promise, but they usher in pressing questions regarding the very meaning of family. [56 minutes]

  • Pop (#1718)

    In his first film, acclaimed photographer Joel Meyerowitz creates a poignant and indelible portrait of his father, an unpredictable, courageous and funny man who somehow manages to make Alzheimer's disease look like another of his many adventures. As the curtain of this disease falls over Hy Meyerowitz, Joel and his son take him on a two-week car trip from Florida back to the New York neighborhood where he raised his family. Relaxed and free enough to say anything that comes to mind, Hy imparts his wisdom to all he meets along the way -- wisdom gained from a long life observing human foibles. [56 minutes]

  • The Crash (#1719)

    The U.S. stock market is the richest it's ever been. The U.S. sold its market-driven message to the world, encouraging the world to buy into the globilization of capital by standing behind the U.S. dollar. Then came Black Monday, August 31, 1998, the day the Dow Jones plunged 5.7% -- perhaps a vague memory for U.S. investors who've since recovered. But the crisis devastated and wrecked lives in the global economy from the Pacific Rim to Latin America and Russia. Today, Wall Street rides high while half the world's economies are in recession. THE CRASH explores the worldwide debate on whether the worse is over, or is the global economy, including the United States, heading for another crash. [56 minutes]

  • John Paul II: The Millennial Pope (#1801)

    In the 20 years since his election to the papacy in 1978, Karol Wojtyla has commanded the world stage, re-invigorating the church in much of the world. Yet Pope John Paul II is also a man at war with the 20th century. His insistence on God in our secular age poses the question: Is he lost or are we? [146 minutes]

  • Secrets of the Sat (#1802)

    FRONTLINE examines the debate over fairness in college admissions in a program that looks at how the rise of the American meritocracy has created a national obsession with test scores and a multimillion dollar test-prep industry. With legal challenges to affirmative action spreading across the country, FRONTLINE investigates the impact of standardized tests on racial diversity on college campuses. [56 minutes]

  • Mafia Power Play (#1803)

    FRONTLINE reveals the disturbing links between professional sports and international organized crime. Through interviews with FBI agents and police, this film raises serious issues about the level of influence and extortion between professional athletes in North America and the underworld of organized crime. [56 minutes]

  • The Lost Children of Rockdale County (#1804)

    FRONTLINE examines the link between an outbreak of syphilis among a group of teenagers and the prosperous bedroom community in which they live. The film reveals a parent's worst nightmare -- children as young as 14 naming scores of sexual partners, and others telling of all-night orgies and sex parties. In a series of profiles, FRONTLINE uncovers the roots of the Conyers, Georgia, syphilis epidemic, and reveals a community -- despite its economic advantages -- struggling with teenage drug use, sex, aimlessness and cynicism. [86 minutes]

  • Apocalypse! (#1805)

    This two-hour FRONTLINE traces the origins of the Book of Revelation and how it has shaped Western ideas of the apocalypse. The apocalypse evokes images of doom and destruction, judgment and fear, death and hell. Yet it also speaks of trial, deliverance and hope -- at least for those who prevail. From the production team of "From Jesus to Christ," this film examines the changing ideas of the apocalypse across the span of 2,500 years to understand how these ideas evolved and how they are expressed in modern times. [86 minutes]

  • Apocalypse! (#1806)

    In part II of the Apocalypse!, FRONTLINE traces the orgins of the Book of Daniel and how it continues to influence modern apocalyptic thinking. And, they exmamine the anti-Christs of recent history. [56 minutes]

  • Justice for Sale (#1807)

    FRONTLINE and Bill Moyers investigate how campaign cash is corrupting America's courts. In the 39 states where judges are elected, special interest money is pouring into judicial politics, threatening to compromise judicial independence. This program focuses on three states -- Texas, Louisiana and Pennsylvania -- and documents efforts by special interest groups to influence judges and their decisions. [56 minutes]

  • The Case for Innocence (#1808)

    Fifteen years ago, DNA analysis was nonexistent. Today, more than 70 inmates accused of rape and murder have been freed because DNA tests proved their innocence in a way that evidence, courtroom testimony and eyewitness accounts never could. Why then are prosecutors, courts and even governors reluctant to use this scientific test? And when evidence has been tested and DNA does not match that of the accused, how can the law overlook the results? FRONTLINE examines the cases of those whose protestations of innocence could be confirmed by DNA testing, but who may remain imprisoned forever. [86 minutes]

  • The Killer at Thurston High (#1809)

    In May 1998, a year before the massacre at Columbine High, 15-year-old Kip Kinkel murdered his mother and father, and then opened fire at Thurston High School in Springfield, Oregon, killing two fellow students and wounding 25 others. In this first in-depth examination of a school shooter, FRONTLINE reveals the intimate, inside story of how Kip Kinkel, a "shy and likable teenage" from a solid middle-class family, became the boy police call a "cold-hearted killer." [76 minutes]

  • The Survival of Saddam (#1810)

    When the Gulf War ended, the United States government believed the Iraqis should quickly overthrow Saddam Hussein. But nine years later, he still rules Iraq. FRONTLINE investigates Saddam's ruthless rise to power and how he has maintained his grip despite pressure from economic sanctions, no-fly zones, UN weapons inspectors and military attacks from the Iraqi opposition. [56 minutes]

  • Assault On Gay America (#1811)

    On February 19, 1999, in Sylacauga, Alabama, 39-year-old computer programmer Billy Jack Gaither was murdered - the victim of a violent hate crime. One of the convicted killers testified he killed Gaither because he was "queer." Why have gays like Gaither and Matthew Shepard become the targets of such brutality? On February 15, nearly one year after the Gaither murder, FRONTLINE correspondent Forrest Sawyer explored the roots of homophobia in America - as a catalyst for hate crimes and as a phenomenon that permeates our society - and asks how these attitudes, beliefs and fears contribute to the recent rise in violence against gays. [56 minutes]

  • War In Europe (#1812)

    Twelve months ago, in the skies above Kosovo, NATO went to war. It was a war that unleashed terrible brutality. On one side was a ruthless leader -- Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic -- who claimed history was on his side. On the other, an alliance whose politicians believed that this was a crusade for moral values. It was a war where the politicians, rather than the military commanders, dictated the battlefield strategy and tactics. At its end, the war produced one million refugees, thousands of civilian deaths and a broken land still without peace. FRONTLINE correspondent Peter Boyer undertakes the first in-depth examination of a European war rife with diplomatic infighting and military stumbling. [56 minutes]

  • War In Europe (#1813)

    In the second hour of this analysis of a military effort hampered by diplomatic infighting, senior military leaders -- including Supreme Allied Commander General Wesley Clark, in his first in-depth interview -- tell the story of political constraints, internal divisions and miscalculations that shaped the war in Bosnia. [56 minutes]

  • Dr. Solomon's Dilemma (#1814)

    In the 1990s, cost-cutting HMOs were reviled as the enemy of doctors and patients. After fighting to regain control of the medical process, doctors are now struggling to manage tough financial decisions as well as patient care. On a daily basis, doctors find themselves faced with the often excruciating responsibility of balancing quality care against their own bottom line. FRONTLINE correspondent Hedrick Smith goes inside one of Harvard Medical Schools premier teaching hospitals and discovers Dr. Martin Solomon, a highly- rated primary care physician, embroiled in the most bitter conflict of his career. He and his colleagues battle with each other over cutting costs, worry about the impact of red ink on their own income, and fear the struggle between care and costs will not only damage quality but will ultimately tear apart the trust between doctors and patients. [56 minutes]

  • Jefferson's Blood (#1815)

    For years there existed a rumor that Thomas Jefferson had a long-standing relationship and several children by Sally Hemings, a woman who was his slave. Now, DNA tests all but prove the rumor true. An early hero of the anti-slavery movement, Jefferson wrote brilliantly of the corrupting influence of slavery on blacks and whites alike. Yet it is now apparent that he lived a dual life, sharing his house with his white daughter and grandchildren while his unacknowledged mistress and his children by her worked in the same house as slaves. In a personal essay, FRONTLINE correspondent Shelby Steele examines Jefferson's life and follows the descendents of Jefferson and Hemings as they undergo DNA testing, search out their family history, and try to sort out their place along Americas blurred color line. [86 minutes]

  • Return of the Czar (#1816)

    Almost a decade after the fall of the Soviet Union, Russia is arguably more free than at any time in its history. But while the West has applauded the market reforms of former President Boris Yeltsin, in Russia there has been collapse. Today, as the country is being militarized, anti-Western propaganda is increasing. In pushing its ideas of reform, did the U.S. turn a blind eye to Kremlin illegality and compromise the moral authority America cultivated throughout the Cold War? As career KGB officer Vladimir Putin, Yeltsin's anointed successor is set to ascend to Russia's presidency, FRONTLINE takes an in-depth look at what Russia has become and why. [56 minutes]

  • The Battle Over School Choice (#1817)

    With more students than ever enrolled in kindergarten through high school, education is now a top voter concern. What's needed to improve our public schools -- better teachers, smaller classes, greater parent involvement, higher standards, more tests? Or, is privatization the answer? Democrats and Republicans differ sharply on the hot button issue of school vouchers and whether public funds should be used to pay for private or parochial schools. FRONTLINE explores the heated political debate over the reform of public education and investigates the spectrum of "school choice" options --from vouchers to charter schools to for-profit academies -- and their growing popularity in troubled inner cities. [56 minutes]

  • The Choice 2000 (#1901)

    As Americans prepare for the first presidential election of the 21st century, FRONTLINE correspondent and New Yorker writer Peter Boyer offers dual biographies of George W. Bush and Al Gore, the two men who are competing to become the next president of the United States. The two-hour documentary goes beyond the political rhetoric to explore how the candidates and their values have been shaped by family background, history, victory and defeat. [116 minutes]

  • Drug Wars - Part One (#1902)

    In 1968, the federal drug enforcement budget was $60 million. By the end of fiscal year 1999, that same budget had exploded to more than $ 17 billion. Yet despite the United States' vast efforts during the past three decades to stop the flow of illegal drugs, the use of heroin, cocaine, marijuana and other illicit drugs remains essentially unchanged. FRONTLINE presents the first television history of America's war on drugs as told from both sides of the battlefield in a special four-hour report. Part I recounts the origins of the anti-drug campaign, from the Nixon administration's drug control efforts to the rapid rise and fall of the Colombian drug cartels. [116 minutes]

  • Drug Wars - Part Two (#1903)

    In Part II of "Drug Wars," FRONTLINE examines the impact of crack cocaine on our city streets and our criminal justice system. The report also investigates Mexico's role in supplying drugs to meet American demand. [116 minutes]

  • The Future of War (#1904)

    The U.S. Army is experiencing an identity crisis brought on by the end of the Cold War. As it heads into the 21st century, the nation's largest service is struggling to keep pace with new technology and new enemies. Faced with increasing global tasks, the army must choose its course wisely, as the outcome of wars fought decades from now are being decided today. FRONTLINE examines the internal debate waging inside the nation's largest service to ask how we will pay for the new weapons and force needed to fight the next war. [56 minutes]

  • Real Justice - Part 1 (#1905)

    Homicides, drug arrests, car theft, assault and battery -- it's all in a day's work for the prosecutors of Boston's Suffolk County district attorney's office. In this special report, FRONTLINE goes inside the real-life workings of America's criminal justice system to reveal the offers, counteroffers, deals and compromises that keep cases moving through our crowded courts. From district court, where mundane cases are handled swiftly, to the superior court, where prosecutors tackle the most difficult murder cases, the programs follow the police, prosecutors, defense attorneys and defendants as they make their way through a court system that handles 50,000 criminal cases each year. [86 minutes]

  • Real Justice - Part 2 (#1906)

    Part II of this special report moves from District Court to Suffolk County Superior Court, where the crimes are serious and the stakes are high. From manslaughter to child abuse to murder, FRONTLINE's cameras follow the prosecutors, defense attorneys, victims, and defendants as they bargain and negotiate their way through the criminal justice system. [56 minutes]

  • The Clinton Years (#1907)

    "The Clinton Years" looks behind the headlines, beginning with the president's first steps on the campaign trail. Almost immediately rocked by scandal, Clinton refused to give up his fight for the highest office in the land. His ability to connect with voters, coupled with his resiliency, earned him the nickname The Comeback Kid. It was a title he would earn several times over in the course of the next eight years. Introduced by "Nightline" anchor Ted Koppel and narrated by "Nightline" correspondent Chris Bury, the FRONTLINE documentary reports the inside story behind the major news and political events that have defined Clinton's presidency and will ultimately shape his legacy. "This unique and valuable broadcast experiment with 'Nightline' allows PBS viewers to relive the key moments of the Clinton presidency as seen through the eyes of his closest advisors," says Michael Sullivan, executive producer for FRONTLINE. "ABC's terrific access and its coverage of the Clinton administration over the last eight years provides FRONTLINE a rare opportunity to capture and analyze the experiences of the aides and advisors who invested their hopes_and their careers_in Bill Clinton." "Nightline" correspondent Bury has conducted more than 30 hours of on-camera interviews with current and former White House officials for "The Clinton Years," and their stories offer a candid look at the controversies and substantive achievements of the Clinton era. Interview subjects include: - Madeleine Albright, Secretary of State - Samuel Berger, National Security Advisor - Paul Begala, senior White House advisor and Clinton political strategist - James Carville, Clinton political strategist - Gregory Craig, White House special counsel - Rahm Emmanuel, senior White House advisor - David Gergen, Advisor - Anthony Lake, National Security advisor - Joe Lockhart, Press Secretary - Michael McCurry, Press Secretary - Dick Morris, Chief Political Strategist - Dee Dee Myers, Press Secretary - Leon Panetta, White House Chief of Staff - John Podesta, White House Chief of Staff - Robert Reich, Secretary of Labor - Robert Rubin, Secretary of the Treasury - Donna Shalala, Secretary of Health and Human Services - Jane Sherburne, White House special counsel - George Stephanopoulos, senior White House advisor and currently an ABC News analyst - Michael Waldman, Chief Speechwriter [116 minutes]

  • Juvenile Justice (#1908)

    By the time he was seventeen, Manny was already a veteran San Jose gang member whose run-ins with the law included a juvenile court conviction for rape. In October 1999, five months before his eighteenth birthday, Manny was charged with the attempted murder of a pregnant woman and her family, and prosecutors said "Enough." After repeated contacts with the state's juvenile system, they say, Manny doesn't deserve any more chances. They want his case transferred to the adult courts, where a conviction will give him a permanent, adult criminal record and could mean an adult prison sentence of more than ten years. Should teenagers who commit serious crimes be tried as juveniles or adults? What happens to young offenders who reach the "end of the line" in the juvenile court system and can you rehabilitate such young people to prevent future criminal behavior? FRONTLINE explores these questions in "Juvenile Justice," a 90-minute documentary airing Tuesday, January 30, at 10 P.M. on PBS ( check local listings). With unprecedented access to juvenile court proceedings which are usually closed to the public and rarely seen on television "Juvenile Justice" follows four youth offenders through the Santa Clara County, California juvenile courts, observing how the criminal justice system treats their cases and determines their fates. In addition to Manny, viewers meet Jose, a 15-year-old gang member sentenced to Juvenile Hall for his role in the beating death of a 16-year-old; Shawn, a middle-class white teen who pleaded guilty to trying to murder his father; and Marquese, an African-American teen who in the past five years has been charged with numerous felonies and has spent nearly 900 days in juvenile detention. "While their crimes are different and they come from diverse backgrounds, these four teens are all united by the fact that they each have reached a crossroads in the criminal justice system," says FRONTLINE producer Janet Tobias. "One road leads to rehabilitation in the juvenile system; the other leads to punishment in the adult system." In the past decade, nearly every state in the union has passed laws or amended legislation to make it easier to prosecute and sentence children as adults. In March 2000, California followed the national trend by passing Proposition 21, which requires that juveniles who commit certain violent felonies be tried as adults. The law also increases the penalty for some crimes. Proposition 21's passage, proponents say, was fueled by a society fed up with a juvenile justice system that offers little more than a slap on the wrist to children who commit serious crimes. "Where there is...public outrage, is that with that small percentage of crime at the far end of the system, the juvenile justice response has remained inappropriate," Santa Clara County prosecutor Kurt Kumli tells FRONTLINE. "It is difficult for prosecutors, including myself, to see a kid who has had twelve contacts with the [criminal justice] system showing an escalating pattern of criminal sophistication, who has been everywhere in the juvenile court system, who if he were, say, two months older would be going to state prison get essentially a serious felony crime with no time and no consequences attached." Indeed, some question whether the system's repeated attempts to rehabilitate habitual youth offenders is serving the interests of overall justice. Gang unit probation officers Angel Mina and Raul Torres, for example, believe Jose who was convicted as an adult but served his time in a juvenile facility got off too lightly. "What really upset us was that [he] went to court and got 200 days in Juvenile Hall for killing somebody," Mina says. "You can call it involuntary manslaughter. But still, this kid died and his family had to go identify his body in the condition it was in. "And I think, `Yeah, rehabilitation. That's great. That's fine.' But where's the justice for the families?" That sentiment is echoed by Bob Riskin, whose home was burglarized by Marquese while the teen was on parole from the California Youth Authority (CYA) the state's juvenile prison system. "[Marquese] has visited the youth authority many times and the answer has still been the same," Riskin tells FRONTLINE. "He's come out and continued on doing what he does best. And for people like ourselves, the most important answer is that he doesn't do it anymore. And if that means putting him aside for a number of years that might be a better answer for society. All the other answers haven't worked." But others aren't so sure among them Joanne Riskin, Bob's wife. While she admits to feeling more fearful and less secure since the burglary, she doubts time spent in an adult prison would rehabilitate Marquese, who began stealing at age twelve under the tutelage of his mother, an admitted drug addict who has been in and out of jail herself. " Originally, I really felt that he should be tried as an adult," Joanne Riskin says. "The more I have read about it and the more we have talked about it, however, I'm not sure that would have been the right answer...What I feel most bad about is why didn't our system take him out of the environment completely when he was young to give him a different kind of life?" Critics of California's Proposition 21 include some juvenile court judges, who have lost much of their discretion in determining whether an offender stays within the juvenile system or moves on to the adult courts. The new law comes at a time, they say, when the juvenile system is already shifting away from its traditional focus on rehabilitation toward a "mini-adult" model that emphasizes punishment and stiffer sentencing. "The juvenile system is not set up, `You do the crime, you do the time,'" juvenile court Judge LaDoris Cordell tells FRONTLINE. "The juvenile system says, `You do the crime, you' re gonna do some time, but you're also going to get some help from us to figure out what's wrong, if we can, so that we don't see you anymore.' That's the whole notion of juvenile justice. "And my fear is [this] `you do the crime, you do the time' notion, it's beginning to take more and more of a foothold in the juvenile system. And when that happens...we will not have juvenile justice, ever." Prosecuting juvenile offenders as adults, Cordell contends, is tantamount to the system admitting defeat. "The problem is we're taking 14-year-olds, 15-year-olds, 16-year-olds and we're giving up on them," she says. "We're saying, `You've committed a crime and we're just going to give up on you'...we're throwing away these kids." Former public defender Bridgett Jones believes the criminal justicesystem needs to distinguish between juvenile and adult offenders. " Children are not little adults," she says. "They think differently. They respond and react to things differently than adults do_So why should the consequences be the same as for an adult?" Prosecutor David Soares disagrees. "The voters in this state and the legislature have decided that in fact there are many 15-year-olds and 16-year-olds and 17-year-olds and 18-year-olds who are as intellectually and criminally sophisticated as adult offenders," he says. "And the decisions that have been made by our lawmakers and by the voters are that we look at their actions and [determine] are they engaging in the actions of an adult." At issue is whether the juvenile justice system has been_or even can be successful in rehabilitating young criminals. And if they can be rehabilitated, will it be enough to regain society's trust? It's a question even some youth offenders have trouble answering. "Even if I want to change, people are still gonna look at me like I'm a gangster," says Manny, the teen charged with attempted murder. "Even with a high school diploma, all you are is a gangster with a high school diploma." Therein lies the problem, public defender Jones says: that ultimately, the power of rehabilitation and redemption lies not within the offenders, but with society. "The only thing that's going to work with kids like [these] is a willingness of the community to r [86 minutes]

  • Saving Elian (#1909)

    On November 25, 1999, a five-year-old Cuban boy was plucked from the shark-infested waters off Florida, and what began as a Thanksgiving story soon erupted into a political and social firestorm that transfixed the nation and rocked Miami's Cuban-American community to its core. FRONTLINE examines the passion and purpose behind the battle over Elian Gonzalez and its effect on both the Miami community and the Cuban-American cause. With footage from Miami and Cuba, and interviews with participants and observers on both sides of the controversy, the documentary explores how one little boy became a metaphor for a 40-year struggle for the future of a nation. [56 minutes]

  • Hackers (#1910)

    Designed to facilitate the free exchange of ideas, the Internet has become home to confidential -- even classified -- information from virtually every nation in the world. Financial information, national infrastructure, even state secrets can be accessed via the complex computer network that is the World Wide Web. But how safe is that information if computer-literate teenagers can break into top-security computer systems, infect them with viruses or steal sensitive -- even dangerous -- documents? FRONTLINE examines the role of hackers and reveals how their exploits highlight the profound insecurities of the Internet and the software that drives it. Through interviews with teenagers, information warriors, security experts and law enforcement officials, this program illuminates a virtual world where many of our most sacred beliefs -- including the very notion of bordered nations -- are called into question. [56 minutes]

  • The Merchants of Cool (#1911)

    They spend their days sifting through reams of market research data. They conduct endless surveys and focus groups. They comb the streets, the schools and the malls, hot on the trail of the "next big thing" that will snare the attention of their prey - a market segment worth an estimated $150 billion per year. They are the merchants of cool: the creators and sellers of popular culture, who have made teenagers the hottest consumer demographic in America. But are these marketers merely reflecting a growing coarseness in teen culture, or have they helped create it? Are they simply responding to teen desires or have they begun to manufacture those desires in a bid to secure this lucrative market? And have they gone too far in their attempts to reach the hearts - and wallets - of America's youth? [56 minutes]

  • Organ Farm (Part 1) (#1912)

    Imagine a world where every patient who needed an organ transplant could receive one right away and a simple surgical procedure could correct everything from strokes to spinal cord injuries to Parkinson' s disease. Such a future may not be far off thanks to xenotransplantation, the experimental process of transplanting genetically modified pig cells and whole organs into human beings. But while a scientific breakthrough in cross-species transplants could offer hope to millions of desperately ill patients, such procedures could introduce new retroviruses and other infectious agents into the human population, posing a public health risk to millions of others. Do the benefits of xenotransplantation outweigh the still-unknown dangers? FRONTLINE offers viewers the first television investigation into the multibillion dollar xenotransplantation industry. With exclusive access to a secret transgenic organ farm somewhere in North America, FRONTLINE presents cutting-edge footage of the organs being developed and an unprecedented glimpse into a bio-secure, air-locked barrier world where science fiction may soon become science fact. [56 minutes]

  • Organ Farm (Part 2) (#1913)

    Imagine a world where every patient who needed an organ transplant could receive one right away and a simple surgical procedure could correct everything from strokes to spinal cord injuries to Parkinson' s disease. Such a future may not be far off thanks to xenotransplantation, the experimental process of transplanting genetically modified pig cells and whole organs into human beings. But while a scientific breakthrough in cross-species transplants could offer hope to millions of desperately ill patients, such procedures could introduce new retroviruses and other infectious agents into the human population, posing a public health risk to millions of others. Do the benefits of xenotransplantation outweigh the still-unknown dangers? FRONTLINE offers viewers the first television investigation into the multibillion dollar xenotransplantation industry. With exclusive access to a secret transgenic organ farm somewhere in North America, FRONTLINE presents cutting-edge footage of the organs being developed and an unprecedented glimpse into a bio-secure, air-locked barrier world where science fiction may soon become science fact. [56 minutes]

  • Medicating Kids (#1914)

    Today, millions of American children are being prescribed powerful behavior modification drugs such as Ritalin, Prozac, Paxil and Zoloft. Are these medications really necessary -- and safe -- for young children, or merely a harried nation's quick fix for annoying, yet age-appropriate, behavior? FRONTLINE investigates the rapidly growing use of psychoactive drugs by children and the challenges of parenting and schooling in a world of high stress and increasing family disintegration. Through an intimate portrait of several families in an American suburb, the program explores how medication has increasingly become an integral part of caring for kids. The documentary also examines the role of doctors, educators, pharmaceutical makers and insurance companies in advancing the trend. [56 minutes]

  • Lapd Blues (#1915)

    All is not well inside the Los Angeles Police Department. The worst corruption scandal in the force's history has devastated a police department once epitomized by Dragnet's Joe Friday and the clean-cut crew of Adam-12. In "LAPD Blues," New Yorker writer and FRONTLINE correspondent Peter J. Boyer unravels the mysteries that swirl around recent reports of police brutality, departmental racism and corrupt cops who take part in everything from dope deals to bank robberies. With unprecedented access to evidence -- including documents, audio tapes and startling footage of murders and mayhem --FRONTLINE explores the dark side of lawlessness that has crippled this once-proud force. [56 minutes]

  • Blackout (#1916)

    Rolling blackouts. Skyrocketing utility bills. California's power disaster has made "energy" a front-burner issue for everyone, with many observers predicting the crisis will spread east this summer. FRONTLINE and the New York Times join forces to investigate the story behind the California energy crisis. Through interviews with state and federal officials, power company executives, and average citizens affected by the crisis, the documentary examines whether power companies and energy trading giants have capitalized on deregulation to make tremendous profits even as ratepayers suffer power shortages and exorbitant rate hikes. The program also investigates why the federal government refused to intervene in the California crisis and explores what actions the new Bush administration will take to address what the president is now calling a national crisis. [56 minutes]

  • Frontline Probes Terrorism and Intelligence in the US (#2001)

    Following the September 11 terrorist attack, the nation's top leaders gathered to decide the U.S. response. Some of the same individuals were in Washington, DC, 22 years ago when the United States suffered its first humiliation at the hands of Islamic militants who took U.S. embassy employees hostage and held them captive before the world. Over the decades, incident followed incident -- the bombing of the U. S. Marine barracks in Beirut, the killing of American soldiers in a Berlin nightclub, the downing of Pan Am 103, and the first attack on the World Trade Center. In "Target America," FRONTLINE uncovers a long-standing division within the nation's security apparatus about how to deal with an enemy that has been targeting America and Americans for decades. [56 minutes]

  • Looking for Answers (#2002)

    The attack on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon was not only the most devastating terrorist attack in history, it was also the biggest failure of U.S. intelligence since Pearl Harbor. In "Looking for Answers," FRONTLINE correspondent Lowell Bergman and The New York Times investigate why the CIA and FBI failed to uncover the hijackers' dramatic plot to strike at the heart of the U.S. government and its economy. The film also examines the United States failure to understand fully the hatred for America among Muslim fundamentalists and its roots in the U.S. government's support for Israel and for authoritarian regimes in the oil-rich Middle East. The program, a FRONTLINE co-production with The New York Times, is anchored by Bill Moyers. [56 minutes]

  • Dangerous Straits (#2003)

    Since the terrible events of Sept 11th, the United States has worked hard to put together a worldwide coalition against international terrorism. Where will China come down? FRONTLINE and The New York Times explore the tensions between the U.S. and China and the troubles the relationship presents for President Bush, who plans a visit to China in October. The dramatic U.S. spy plane incident off the coast of China in early 2001 reminded us of the dangerous suspicion that exists between the world's most powerful country and its most populous one. China has been supportive of some Islamic states that the U.S. counts as its enemies, and there is also the simmering question of Taiwan. American support for Taiwan means that if it declares independence, the U.S. could be drawn into an international dispute that might lead to war. The Straits of Taiwan have been described by one China expert as "one of the most dangerous places in the world." [56 minutes]

  • Trail of a Terrorist (#2004)

    On December 14, 1999, Ahmed Ressam was arrested on the U.S.-Canadian border when an alert Customs agent became suspicious of Ressam's answers to her questions. When the trunk of his car was opened, agents discovered a powerful bomb and a plot for a Millennium attack on America. Ressam said nothing at his trial, but later decided to testify against an accomplice. His chilling testimony revealed his motives, his methods and his connection to an Algerian terrorist group that had already carried out bombings in Europe. Ressam described his training at the Osama bin Laden camps in Afghanistan, where he learned, among other things, how to work with cyanide gas. With access to Ressam's testimony, policy files, officials in the U.S. , Canada and France, correspondent Terence McKenna follows the trail of a terrorist. [56 minutes]

  • Gunning for Saddam (#2005)

    As Americans are confronted by acts of bioterrorism, powerful forces in the nation's capitol believe Iraqi President Saddam Hussein is to blame for this and many other terrorists acts over the last decade. Many are lobbying to mobilize a military operation to oust Hussein when the next phase of the war on terrorism kicks in. Proponents of the plan, including former Clinton administration CIA director James Woolsey, contend Saddam Hussein was involved in the first World Trade Center bombing, the attempted assassination of former President George H.W. Bush in 1995, and the ongoing state sponsorship of terrorist activities. Foes of this plan argue that attacking Saddam will destabilize other nations in the region, most prominently Saudi Arabia, and no doubt destroy the carefully crafted coalition presently hunting for Osama bin Laden in Afghanistan. FRONTLINE investigates America's other enemy, Saddam Hussein. [56 minutes]

  • The Saudi Time Bomb (#2006)

    President Bush says that if the nations of the world are not with us in the war on terrorism then they're with the terrorists. But what about the United States' supposed ally Saudi Arabia? After September 11, many Saudi citizens reportedly applauded native son Osama bin Laden as a hero. Then the monarchy hesitated to renounce the Taliban and they are still reluctant to allow U.S. warplanes to fly from their bases. Why have Saudi and other Gulf charities sent money to support Islamic fundamentalist schools that are encouraging jihad? And are the Saudis dragging their feet when it comes to assisting U.S. law enforcement agencies that are tracking down terrorists? Whose side are the Saudis on? FRONTLINE and The New York Times explore the fragile alliance with this ultraconservative fundamentalist kingdom upon which the U.S. depends for 15 percent of the country's oil needs. [56 minutes]

  • The Monster That Ate Hollywood (#2007)

    The box office is booming. New international markets are opening weekly. Amazing advances in technology hold the promise of new delivery systems. Yet there's trouble bubbling just below the surface in Hollywood today as movie industry creative types struggle to adapt to new business realities. On the eve of one of the biggest weekends for new movie releases, FRONTLINE explores the changing Hollywood, revealing how once-fiercely independent studio bosses must now answer to the mega-corporations that have swallowed the industry whole. [56 minutes]

  • An Ordinary Crime (#2008)

    It was a robbery gone wrong, and when it was over, a woman had been shot in the head. Fingerprint evidence identified one of the suspects who quickly named his two accomplices: a friend and the friend's cousin, a man he knew only as "Terrance." And that's where the problem with this ordinary crime begins. Police apprehended 16-year-old Terence Garner and charged him with the crime. Garner insisted he was innocent. The co-defendants said they had never met him. Another man with the name "Terrance" surfaced and confessed to the crime, then recanted and was let go. FRONTLINE investigates a bizarre case of injustice where two men with the same name are implicated in the same crime and one -- Terence Garner -- is sentenced to 32 years in prison. [86 minutes]

  • Inside The Terror Network (#2009)

    The hijackers of September 11 led such outwardly ordinary lives they moved through Europe and America virtually unnoticed. They plotted in broad daylight, weaving a web of terror from the simple routines of modern life. American flight schools taught them to fly, local banks helped them move money, libraries provided computers and the Department of Motor Vehicles supplied essential IDs. Everywhere they went they blended in -- unnoticed and unsuspected. FRONTLINE traces the hijackers' movements across four continents, following clues they left behind to unearth the stories of the individuals inside Osama bin Laden's terror network. [56 minutes]

  • Dot Con (#2010)

    When the Internet bubble burst in March 2000, unlucky investors watched more than $3 trillion of their money disappear. What spurred the incredible dot-com bull run on Wall Street? Was the public blinded by dreams of small fortunes and easy living, or did the nation's investment banks manipulate the IPO market and exploit public trust? FRONTLINE investigates the financial forces behind the unprecedented rise and seemingly overnight fall of the Internet economy. [56 minutes]

  • Inside The Teenage Brain (#2011)

    Investigates whether a cause of adolescent angst may all be in teens still-forming brains. [56 minutes]

  • American Porn (#2012)

    It's one of the hottest industries in America and, with adult movies, magazines, retail stores, and the growth of the internet, business is booming. The Bush Administration has pledged a new attack on the porn industry and for the first time in years, there's a renewed interest in mounting prosecutions. With the first jury trial for obscenity since 1993 scheduled to begin this month in Los Angeles, FRONTLINE investigates the pending political battle that will soon engulf the multibillion dollar pornography business and their distribution partners -- some of America's best known corporations. [56 minutes]

  • Roll Over: The Hidden History of the Suv (#2013)

    The impact of SUVs on the American auto industry and their potential safety flaws are investigated. [56 minutes]

  • Testing Our Schools (#2014)

    President Bush's proposal for mandatory public school testing in grades three through eight signals the beginning of a new era in public education, one marked by increased federal involvement in schools and an unprecedented expansion in the role of tests. A business school graduate and self-styled "CEO President," Bush envisions a business model where educators set objectives, measure performance, and hold students and teachers accountable for results. But will the business model work in education? FRONTLINE correspondent John Merrow examines how the quest for higher scores is changing teaching and learning in America. [56 minutes]

  • Battle for the Holy Land (#2015)

    As Israelis and Palestinians prepare for possible all-out war, FRONTLINE investigates how the combatants pursue the deadly conflict on the ground. How did a war that was once fought with stones evolve into a battle involving suicide bombings and targeted killings? Through exclusive access to Israeli commando units and Palestinian militants, FRONTLINE reveals the tactics and strategies behind the fighting and reports on the latest cycle of violence to unfold in the Holy Land. [56 minutes]

  • Requiem for Frank Lee Smith (#2016)

    In December 2000, after spending 14 years on Florida's Death Row, Frank Lee Smith was finally cleared of the rape and murder of eight-year-old Shandra Whitehead. Like nearly 100 prisoners before him, Smith's belated exoneration came as a result of sophisticated DNA testing that was unavailable when he was first convicted. But for Frank Lee Smith, the good news came too late: 10 months before he was proven innocent, Smith died of cancer in his jail cell, just steps away from Florida's electric chair. How did Frank Lee Smith up on Death Row for a crime he didn't commit? And why was he allowed to die there despite possible evidence of his innocence? [56 minutes]

  • Modern Meat (#2017)

    A recent study by the Centers for Disease Control found that a single fast-food hamburger contained beef from more than 100 cows. In the last few decades, American meat production has become a highly mechanized and centralized industry, bringing about significant changes not only in the way meat is produced but also in the way Americans eat. These changes have forced the U.S. Department of Agriculture to institute a new meat inspection process, which gives far greater control to the powerful meat industry. In this program, FRONTLINE investigates the modern meat industry and the safety of our current meat supply. [56 minutes]

  • Did Daddy Do It? (#2018)

    In 1984, Cuban immigrant Frank Fuster was living the American dream. He had a new house in the suburbs, a successful landscaping business, and a new wife who was helping him raise his five-year-old son. Then, Fuster's world fell apart, as he and his wife found themselves charged with sexually abusing numerous children at their Miami day care service. His case was groundbreaking because it helped create the methods by which prosecutors would pursue alleged molesters in other well-known cases around the country. The prosecutor in the case, Janet Reno, became famous and would later serve as the nation's Attorney General. In the l980s, hysteria was in the air and the Fuster case had the usual media frenzy that branded him a monster. Then, when Fuster's wife and son testified against him, he was easily convicted and sentenced to 165 years in prison. Case closed. But was Fuster really guilty of those horrific acts? Now, 15 years later, a FRONTLINE investigation finds new evidence that calls into question the ironclad case against Frank Fuster. [56 minutes]

  • Terror and Tehran (#2019)

    President Bush says Iran is part of an `axis of evil'-states that are developing weapons of mass destruction and supporting terrorism-and many Americans would agree. They haven't forgotten the Iranian hostage crisis of 1979, or Iran's support for Lebanese groups like Hezbollah during the 1980s, when U.S. embassies and military bases in the Middle East were attacked, killing hundreds. But times have changed and the playing field has shifted, creating a dilemma for U.S. policymakers. Iran helped in the war against the Taliban and seems willing to help bring down a common enemy-Saddam Hussein-but it's also developing nuclear weapons and is bent on Israel's destruction. As the war on terrorism advances, how will America handle Iran? And will U.S. actions help or hinder Iranian moderates in their struggle for reform against Iran's hard-line religious leaders? FRONTLINE goes inside today's Iran to see how the game will be played. [56 minutes]

  • Muslims (#2020)

    The events of September 11 left many Americans questioning how such atrocities could be perpetrated in the name of religion: specifically, the religion of Islam. Yet even as U.S. opinion polls reflect a collective sense of mistrust toward a religion few Americans know much about, Islam continues to be the fastest growing religion in the United States today. What is Islam? What do Muslims believe in? And how does their faith shape their lives, their identities, and their political ideologies? FRONTLINE explores these and other questions in "Muslims," a special two-hour report that examines the fundamental tenets of Islam and the causes behind its current worldwide resurgence. Through interviews with dozens of ordinary Muslims from such diverse countries as Iran, Malaysia, Turkey, and the United States, FRONTLINE illuminates the perspectives, conflicts, and tensions that are shaping today's Muslim world. [116 minutes]

  • The Siege of Bethlehem (#2021)

    On April 2, 2002, as Israeli tanks rolled into Bethlehem, some 200 Palestinians -- many of them armed -- stormed into the fabled Church of the Nativity. They remained there for 39 days, as the standoff between Israeli soldiers and Palestinian militants at one of the world's most revered holy sites kept the world transfixed. In "The Seige of Bethlehem," FRONTLINE takes viewers inside the siege at the Church of the Nativity. With unprecedented inside access to key figures on both sides of the standoff, FRONTLINE reveals the secret negotiations, strategies, gambits, and maneuvers employed throughout the siege, as the combatants sought to maintain the delicate balance between diplomatic persuasion and military might. [56 minutes]

  • Bigger Than ENRON (#2022)

    The meteoric rise and stunning collapse of Enron caused many to question why the watchdog system that was supposed to protect investors failed to sound any alarms about the company's dubious financial underpinnings. But Enron and Arthur Andersen are the tip of the iceberg. In the late 1990s, Enron was just one of the more than 400 corporations forced to dramatically restate their value because of accounting lapses, failures or fraud. What went wrong? In this program, FRONTLINE examines an oversight system gone soft. Through interviews with SEC officials, corporate executives, members of Congress and investor advocates, the documentary explores how market deregulation and conflicts of interest between analysts and the companies they were reporting on eroded the system of controls designed to protect stockholders from investment fraud. [56 minutes]

  • Shattered Dreams of Peace: The Road from Oslo (#2023)

    In the summer of 2000, Israeli and Palestinian negotiators were on the brink of reaching a peace agreement. After years of negotiation, both sides seemed ready to move forward -- never before had the dream of peace seemed so close. Within weeks, however, the window of opportunity had closed and the peace process had collapsed. What went wrong? As the Middle East continues to erupt in violence between Israelis and Palestinians, FRONTLINE examines the faltering, frustrating quest for peace in "Shattered Dreams of Peace: The Road From Oslo." Beginning with the 1995 assassination of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, the two- hour documentary traces the ongoing peace process through years of negotiations and up through the chaotic events now unfolding. With never-before-seen footage of Israeli-Palestinian negotiations and interviews with key figures on both sides of the bargaining table, "Shattered Dreams of Peace: The Road From Oslo" gives viewers unprecedented access to the decision making process on which the fate of millions depends. [116 minutes]

  • Faith and Doubt at Ground Zero (#2101)

    Explore how the spiritual lives of believers and non-believers have been challenged since 9/11. [116 minutes]

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  • Campaign Against Terror (#2102)

    In this special, FRONTLINE recounts for the first time on television, the behind-the-scenes story of the U.S. and world response to the September 11 terrorist attacks on America. Featuring interviews with key U.S. players and world leaders, this program examines the complex diplomatic maneuvering that led to an international coalition against Al Qaeda and the Taliban. From the initial bombing raids to the futile hunt for Osama Bin Laden and Al Qaeda leaders in the caves of Tora Bora, the documentary traces the dramatic ups and downs of the ground war in Afghanistan as seen through the eyes of Pentagon leaders, U.S. Special Forces troops and Afghan rebel leaders in the Northern Alliance. Finally, the program tracks the intricate political wrangling that led to the selection of of Hamid Karzai --America's preferred candidate -- as the new Afghan leader. [116 minutes]

  • The Man Who Knew (#2103)

    The extraordinary tale of the life and death of FBI agent and counterterrorism expert John O'Neill. [56 minutes]

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  • Missile Wars (#2104)

    Following America's withdrawal from the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty, FRONTLINE examines the reason why: the Bush administration's determination to deploy an antimissile system. Supporters say national missile defense is essential to protecting America from a missile attack by rogue states. Critics argue that terrorist attacks like those on September 11 are a far greater threat than that posed by ballistic missiles. In "Missile Wars," FRONTLINE examines both sides of the missile defense debate. Through interviews with staunch proponents, skeptical scientists, and military and intelligence experts, the one-hour documentary investigates this multi-billion dollar - yet still unproven - weapons system, and explores how national missile defense fits into the nation's military strategy after 9/11. [56 minutes]

  • A Crime of Insanity (#2105)

    In December 1994, Ralph Tortorici, a 26-year-old psychology student at the State University of New York, walked into a classroom, pulled out a hunting knife and a high-powered rifle, and announced that he was taking the class hostage. During a three-hour standoff with police negotiators, Tortorici - a paranoid schizophrenic who believed the government had implanted tracking devices in his body - demanded to speak to the president, the governor and the Supreme Court. Shots were fired, leaving one student seriously wounded and Tortorici charged with aggravated assault, kidnapping and attempted murder. That Ralph Tortorici was mentally ill was apparent to everyone. What was not so clear was how the courts should deal with his case. In "A Crime of Insanity," FRONTLINE examines the controversial case of Ralph Tortorici. Through interviews with Tortorici's family and the defense attorney, prosecutor and judge charged with trying his case, the one-hour documentary explores the personal, political and societal fallout that occurs when the legal and psychiatric worlds collide. [56 minutes]

  • Let's Get Married (#2106)

    Marriage is in trouble. The past half-century has witnessed staggering changes in the makeup of the American family as the number of single-parent households and children born out of wedlock have skyrocketed. The traditional American family structure is crumbling, and no one's sure why. Now everyone from the government to church leaders to intellectuals -- on both the right and the left -- are pushing marriage, especially among the poor. But can such efforts turn the social tide and make marriage once again the norm? Should the government have a role in such an intimate, private institution? And for those along the margins, why doesn't marriage seem to matter any more? FRONTLINE correspondent and author Alex Kotlowitz explores the biggest demographic mystery of the last half-century and examines the modern marriage movement. [56 minutes]

  • In Search of Al Qaeda (#2107)

    Within three months of September ll, the War on Terror had succeeded in crushing the Taliban. But many of the operation's primary targets- - members of Osama bin Laden's Al Qaeda network of international terrorists--managed to escape into neighboring Pakistan. FRONTLINE examines the quest to bring the terrorist group to justice in "In Search of Al Qaeda." The one-hour documentary follows the trail of Al Qaeda from the Afghan border areas into Pakistan's cities as U.S. and Pakistani authorities begin to track down some of the network's leaders. The journey continues to other Middle Eastern countries, where local villagers, officials, and others are interviewed about what has happened to Al Qaeda and its efforts to regroup. [56 minutes]

  • Much Ado About Something (#2108)

    His name is synonymous with great literature. Author of timeless masterpieces including "Romeo and Juliet," "Othello" and "Hamlet," William Shakespeare is widely considered to be the greatest writer who ever lived -- or was he? FRONTLINE explores anew the centuries-old controversy over whether the literary masterpieces long attributed to Shakespeare were actually written by his contemporary, Christopher Marlowe. Born in the same year as Shakespeare, Marlowe was at the height of his literary career in 1593 when he was supposedly killed in an argument over a tavern bill. Marlowe's death, however, has been clouded in mystery, with some "Marlovians" insisting the playwright lived to write another day -- but under the name of Shakespeare. FRONTLINE takes viewers inside this 16th-century detective story in an attempt to unravel what some are calling the "biggest cover-up in literary history." [86 minutes]

  • A Dangerous Business Revisited (#2109)

    Workplace safety and regulations are investigated in one of America's most dangerous industries. [56 minutes]

  • Failure to Protect: The Taking of Logan Marr (#2110)

    In January 2001, five-year-old Logan Marr was found dead in the basement of her foster mother's home in Chelsea, Maine. The foster mother, Sally Schofield, was a highly respected former caseworker for Maine's Department of Human Services. FRONTLINE examines the girl's short, troubled life and asks a series of tough questions: Why was a little girl who had never been abused taken from her birth mother? Was her mother given a real opportunity to regain custody? And did the state miss significant clues that she was in danger? Through extensive interviews with key figures involved in the case --including exclusive access to Schofield herself -- FRONTLINE rewinds the story to look closely at the events that led up to Logan's death: from the state's decision to remove her from her birth mother's home to her troubled decline and eventual death in foster care. [56 minutes]

  • Failure to Protect: The Caseworker Files/Failure to Protect: A National Dialogue (#2111)

    The removal of a child from an abusive or neglectful parent is one o the most drastic actions a government undertakes; and yet it does so with little or no public scrutiny. In 2001, the state of Maine gave FRONTLINE unprecedented access to observe the daily lives of its child protection caseworkers, with whom the decision to remove children begins. In a companion presentation to "Failure to Protect The Taking of Logan Marr," FRONTLINE cameras follow a small set of caseworkers in one office as they interact with families and each other, dealing with the excruciating dilemmas and heartbreaking choices that confront them every day. "Failure to Protect: The Caseworker Files" is both moving and probing, asking such questions as when should a child be removed? How much damage do we do to children in the name of helping them? And when should parents lose the right to raise their own child? [116 minutes]

  • China in the Red (#2112)

    Four years in the making, this two-hour FRONTLINE documentary chronicles three pivotal years in China's historic evolution from a rigid Communist society to an exploding market economy. For more than half a century, millions of Chinese workers labored in state-run factories that provided cradle-to-grave job security. But the economic reforms that have brought the world's most populous nation economic prosperity and world-power status now threaten the livelihood of many Chinese workers. The Chinese Communist Party can no longer afford to subsidize the factories, and millions of workers are being laid off, with no social safety net to catch them. "China in the Red" follows 10 Chinese citizens caught up in the social and economic transformation, and through their stories reveals a nation in flux and a people struggling to survive in a world they never dreamed would exist. [116 minutes]

  • The War Behind Closed Doors (#2113)

    FRONTLINE examines the hidden story of what is really driving the Bush Administration to war with Iraq. The investigation asks whether the publicly reported reasons -- fear of Saddam Hussein's weapons of mass destruction or a desire to insure and protect American's access to oil -- are only masking the real reason for the war. Through interviews with well placed sources in and outside of the administration, FRONTLINE unravels a story known only to the Washington insiders. [56 minutes]

  • Blair's War (#2114)

    For the past few months, British Prime Minister Tony Blair has been fighting the biggest political battle of his career. Caught in the center of a high stakes political storm, he tried to personally bridge the gap between the United States and its European allies--particularly France and Germany--over the impending war in Iraq. FRONTLINE examines the roots of the discord within the Western Alliance, the perilous role Blair has played, and the stakes for him and the West should this old alliance fall apart. [56 minutes]

  • Kim's Nuclear Gamble (#2115)

    The world is running out of time to strike a peace-preserving deal with North Korea's strange and reclusive leader Kim Jong-il. For 10 years, threats, deceptions and diplomatic ploys have shaped U.S. relations with the Hermit Kingdom. Now, what happens next depends on the outcome of a raging debate within the Bush administration over how best to handle Chairman Kim. FRONTLINE traces the delicate maneuvers and clumsy turns that have brought the world to the brink of a nuclear showdown in Asia. [56 minutes]

  • Cyber War! (#2116)

    The Slammer hit on Super Bowl Sunday. Nimda struck one week after 9/11. Code Red had ripped through the system that summer. Moonlight Maze moved from the Russian Academy of Science and into the U.S. Department of Defense. A new form of warfare has broken out and the battleground is cyberspace. With weapons like embedded malicious code, probes and pings, there are surgical strikes, reverse neutron bombs, and the potential for massive assaults aimed directly at America's infrastructure--the power grid, the water supply, the complex air traffic control system, and the nation's railroads. FRONTLINE investigates just how real the threat of war in cyberspace is and reveals what the White House knows that the rest of us don't. [56 minutes]

  • Burden of Innocence (#2117)

    In recent years, media headlines have trumpeted the release of more than 100 longtime inmates who have been exonerated by DNA testing. But what happens to these wrongly accused inmates after the media spotlight turns elsewhere and they must attempt to rejoin a world far different from the one they left behind? In a new one-hour documentary, FRONTLINE producer Ofra Bikel examines the many social, psychological, and economic challenges facing exonerated inmates, the vast majority of whom must re-enter society with no financial or transitional assistance whatsoever. The film highlights the cases of several recently exonerated inmates and the hurdles they face as they attempt to repair the damaged inflicted upon their lives. It also examines efforts to pass laws that would allow the wrongfully convicted to sue the government for compensation. [56 minutes]

  • The Wall Street Fix (#2118)

    As WorldCom CEO Bernard Ebbers-found guilty of securities fraud, conspiracy, and filing false documents with regulators-faces sentencing for his crimes, FRONTLINE traces WorldCom's stunning rise and fall in this investigation of what New York Attorney General Eliot Spitzer calls Wall Street's "corrupt business model," which cost American investors trillions. Examining the high profile example of WorldCom, the hottest stock-and then biggest bankruptcy-of the 1990s, correspondent Hedrick Smith uncovers the hidden ties that enabled superbanks and Wall Street insiders to shape and profit from the telecom boom while leaving ordinary investors holding worthless stock when the bubble burst. [56 minutes]

  • Public Schools, Inc. (#2119)

    Ten years after "edupreneur" Chris Whittle first announced his bold plan to revolutionize the way we educate our children, Whittle's Edison Schools continue to be a lightning rod for the issue of for-profit, public education. In this program, FRONTLINE and the PBS education series "The Merrow Report" join forces with The New York Times to investigate the intertwined fortunes of Edison Schools and its charismatic yet controversial leader, and examine whether it's possible to create world-class schools that turn a profit. [56 minutes]

  • The Other Drug War (#2120)

    As Congress debates a new Medicare prescription drug benefit for seniors, FRONTLINE investigates the conflict between major pharmaceutical companies and American consumers who now pay the highest drug prices in the world. Through interviews with legislators, scientists, consumers, and industry leaders, FRONTLINE examines how states like Maine and Oregon have moved to control escalating prescription drug costs in the face of strong opposition from the pharmaceutical industry, which argues reducing drug prices will ultimately reduce the number of new innovative drugs they will develop. [56 minutes]

  • Truth, War, and Consequences (#2201)

    FRONTLINE traces the roots of the Iraqi war back to the days immediately following September 11, when Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld ordered the creation of a special intelligence operation to quietly begin looking for evidence that would justify the war. The intelligence reports soon became a part of a continuing struggle between civilians in the Pentagon on one side and the CIA, State Department and uniformed military on the other -- a struggle that would lead to inadequate planning for the aftermath of the war, continuing violence and mounting political problems for the president. [86 minutes]

  • Chasing The Sleeper Cell (#2202)

    What is the real story behind the group that U.S. intelligence called "the most dangerous terrorist cell in America?" FRONTLINE and The New York Times join forces to investigate the battle against terrorism here at home in "Chasing the Sleeper Cell." The documentary is the first in-depth examination of a major, ongoing domestic terrorism case involving Al Qaeda operatives and American citizens they trained. Questions are also raised about the effectiveness of the FBI and the CIA and whether or not the new tools they have are the right ones to contain the threat at home. [56 minutes]

  • The Alternative Fix (#2203)

    FRONTLINE examines the explosion in the popularity - and profitability - of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Under pressure from everyone from consumers to Congress - and tempted by huge grants - major hospitals and medical schools have embraced therapies that they once dismissed as quackery. So accepted, in fact, have alternative medical treatments become that an entire center of the National Institutes of Health is now devoted to CAM. But the question remains: Do these treatments actually work? FRONTLINE examines the controversy over complementary and alternative medical treatments. Through interviews with staunch supporters, skeptical scientists and observers on both sides of the debate, the one-hour documentary examines how these popular treatments are facing increased scrutiny as the first real studies of their effectiveness are published, and questions whether hospitals that offer alternative therapies are conferring a sense of legitimacy on these largely untested and scientifically unproven treatments. [56 minutes]

  • Dangerous Prescription (#2204)

    As medications play an ever-increasing role in modern health care, the importance of FDA approval to consumers, it would seem, has never been greater. For many consumers, the phrase "FDA approved" signifies that a drug or product is completely safe and without risk. But just how much does the average American know about the FDA approval process and what it can -- and cannot -- do? How good is the FDA's system for identifying drugs that don't work or cause harm? And what happens when a harmful product makes its way into consumers' hands? In "Dangerous Prescription," FRONTLINE investigates the FDA and drug safety. Featuring real-life cases of FDA-approved drugs that were taken off the market after injuring -- and in some cases, killing --consumers, the documentary examines the role drug companies play in the approval and monitoring of prescription drugs, and questions whether the FDA's current system is adequate for protecting the public safety. [56 minutes]

  • From China with Love (#2205)

    A story of sex, secrets and power involving a spy code named "Parlor Made" and her FBI agent lover. [56 minutes]

  • Chasing Saddam's Weapons (#2206)

    With the credibility of President Bush and Prime Minister Blair at stake, BBC reporter Jane Corbin takes viewers inside the high-stakes search for Saddam Hussein's alleged weapons of mass destruction. Through exclusive access to top-secret locations and key U.S. officials leading the hunt, including David Kay, FRONTLINE reveals new details about what the search has uncovered and questions whether the investigation's final results will justify the White House's call for war. [56 minutes]

  • Beyond Baghdad (#2207)

    As the Bush administration struggles to right its Iraq policy, FRONTLINE correspondent Martin Smith travels across the Iraqi-Turkish border to Kurdish Mosul and Kirkuk, across the rebellious Sunni lands of central Iraq to Baghdad and finally farther south to the sacred Shia cities of Karbala and Najaf, to take a long, hard look at the Iraq to which the president vows to bring democracy. In this diverse and fractured land can his experiment work? Through encounters with tribal sheiks, ayatollahs, politicians, aid workers, soldiers and U.S. authorities, the film reveals just what the United States is facing. [56 minutes]

  • Tax Me If You Can (#2208)

    How U.S. corporations and wealthy individuals avoid paying billions of dollars in federal taxes. [56 minutes]

  • The Invasion of Iraq (#2209)

    FRONTLINE marks the first anniversary of the Iraqi War with a two-hour documentary investigation that recounts the key strategies, battles, and turning points of the war from both sides of the battlefield. Through firsthand accounts from many of the war's key participants-from strategists in Washington to the soldiers who actually fought the battles - "The Invasion of Iraq" promises to be a definitive television history of America's most recent war. [116 minutes]

  • Ghosts of Rwanda (#2210)

    FRONTLINE marks the 10th anniversary of the 1994 Rwandan genocide with a documentary chronicling one of the worst atrocities of the 20th century. In addition to interviews with key government officials and diplomats, the program offers groundbreaking eyewitness accounts of the genocide from those who experienced it firsthand: from Tutsi survivors who recount the horror of seeing their friends and family members slaughtered by neighbors and coworkers; to the diplomats on the scene who struggled to convey the severity of the crisis to their superiors in Washington; to the U.N. peacekeepers stationed amid the carnage who were ordered not to intervene. Through these accounts, FRONTLINE illustrates the social, political and diplomatic failures that enabled the slaughter of 800,000 people to occur unabated and unchallenged by the global community. [116 minutes]

  • Diet Wars (#2211)

    Examine the array of weight loss programs and their often contradictory underlying principles. [56 minutes]

  • The Jesus Factor (#2212)

    Following a presidential election where "moral values" were identified as the deciding factor for many American voters, FRONTLINE asks how closely President Bush's religious views mirror those of the country's politically influential evangelical movement. An evangelical Christian, Bush has something in common with the 46 percent of Americans who describe themselves as being "born again" or having a personal relationship with Jesus Christ. Often the president has recounted praying about major decisions facing the nation. But what do we actually know about the rudiments of George Bush's faith and to what extent do his spiritual beliefs impact or influence his political decision-making? [56 minutes]

  • Son of Al Qaeda (#2213)

    Growing up in the 1990s, Abdurahman Khadr's playmates were the children of his father's longtime friend, Osama bin Laden. How Khadr was raised to be an Al Qaeda terrorist -- and how he ultimately found himself working for the U.S. -- is the focus of FRONTLINE's "Son of Al Qaeda." Through interviews with Khadr as well as his mother and siblings, the documentary recounts his incredible journey from terrorist upbringing to CIA informant, offering a revealing glimpse inside the mindset of an Al Qaeda family. [56 minutes]

  • The Way The Music Died (#2214)

    The modern music scene was created in 1969, at Woodstock. A half million fans, dozens of artists and the politics of the times came together as a big bang moment that eventually would generate billions of dollars. But over the last 20 years, MTV, compact discs, corporate consolidation, Internet piracy and greed have contributed to a perfect storm for the recording industry. FRONTLINE examines how the business that has provided the soundtrack of the lives of a generation is on the verge of collapse. [56 minutes]

  • The Plea (#2215)

    It is the centerpiece of America's judicial process: the trial by jury system that places a defendant's fate in the hands of a jury of one's peers. But just how many citizens are aware that nearly 95 percent of all criminal cases never reach a jury, but instead are settled through plea bargains? To overworked and understaffed defense lawyers, prosecutors and jurists, plea bargains are the safety valve that keeps cases moving through our backlogged courts. Critics, however, contend that the push to resolve cases through plea bargains jeopardizes the constitutional rights of defendants, who may be pressured to admit their guilt whether they're guilty or not. In this documentary, FRONTLINE explores the moral, judicial and constitutional implications of relying on plea bargains to expedite justice. [86 minutes]

  • Sacred Ground (#2216)

    Within days of the September 11 attacks, the questions began: What should be built on the site of Ground Zero? Who should build it? And should anything be built there at all? In "Sacred Ground," FRONTLINE tells the inside story of the first stormy year in the plans to rebuild on the site of the World Trade Center. With exclusive access to architect Daniel Libeskind, the one-hour documentary follows the process to build Libeskind's proposed Freedom Tower and reveals how the desire to build the world's most meaningful architectural tribute descended into a billion-dollar battle for the soul of Ground Zero. [56 minutes]

  • The Choice 2004 (#2301)

    This dual biography of the 2004 Presidential candidates explores how their values have been shaped. [116 minutes]

  • Rumsfeld's War (#2302)

    With the United States Army deployed in a dozen hotspots around the world--on constant alert in Afghanistan and taking casualties almost every day in Iraq--some current and former officers now say the army is on the verge of being broken. The man responsible, according to those officers, is a secretary of defense who came into the Pentagon determined to transform the shape of the military. In "Rumsfeld's War, Frontline and the Washington Post join forces for the first time to investigate Donald Rumsfeld's contentious battle with the Pentagon bureaucracy to assert civilian control of the military and remake the way America fights. [86 minutes]

  • The Persuaders (#2303)

    An in-depth look at the multibillion-dollar persuasion industries of advertising & public relations. [64 minutes]

  • Is Wal-Mart Good for America? (#2304)

    Explores the relationship between U.S. job losses and consumer's insatiable desire for bargains. [56 minutes]

  • Secret History of the Credit Card (#2305)

    Examine how the credit card industry became so pervasive, so lucrative and so politically powerful. [56 minutes]

  • Al Qaeda's New Front (#2306)

    Investigates the new front in the war on terror, Europe, now home to 20 million Muslims. [56 minutes]

  • House of Saud (#2307)

    The House of Saud has controlled every aspect of Saudi life and politics since the kingdom was established in 1932. But outside the Desert Kingdom, little is known about Saudi Arabia's secretive royal family. In "The House of Saud," FRONTLINE explores how the Al Saud family maintains its hold on power in the face of growing tensions between Islam and modernity. Through interviews with members of the royal family, government officials and other experts from Saudi Arabia and the U.S., this documentary also traces America's relations with the Saudi royal family from their first alliance in the 1930s through September 11 and beyond to the present day. [56 minutes]

  • A Company of Soldiers (#2308)

    FRONTLINE reports from inside the U.S. Army's 8th Cavalry Regiment stationed in Baghdad for an up-close look at the dangers facing an American military unit in Iraq. Shot in the weeks following the U.S. presidential election, the film tracks the day-to-day challenges facing the 8th Cavalry's Dog Company as it suddenly has to cope with a dramatic increase in attacks by the insurgents. [86 minutes]

  • The Soldier's Heart (#2309)

    A look at the psychological toll the Iraq War and veterans who are haunted by their experiences. [56 minutes]

  • Karl Rove - The Architect (#2310)

    Trace the political history and modus operandi of President Bush's chief political strategist. [56 minutes]

  • Israel's Next War? (#2311)

    As a new Palestinian leader signs a truce with the Israelis, there is hope that after four years of bloody fighting, Middle East peace talks might resume. This summer Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon is planning to remove Jewish settlers and return the disputed Gaza Strip to Palestinian control. But Israel is bracing for a reaction from the settlers in both Gaza and the West Bank. Israeli security forces are warning that extremists among the settlers could, with one major act of violence, raise the prospect of civil war in Israel or trigger a conflict with the wider Muslim world. As the possibility of peace once again seems real, FRONTLINE takes a close look at the small group of Israelis who are vowing to derail it. [56 minutes]

  • Death of a Princess (#2312)

    Twenty-five years after the initial broadcast of perhaps the most controversial program in the history of public television, FRONTLINE re-issues "Death of a Princess." The 1980 docudrama recounting the public execution of a young Saudi Arabian princess and her lover for adultery triggered vehement protests from the Saudi government and an international uproar when it was first broadcast in the U.S. and Britain. The film, which re-creates journalist Antony Thomas's journey through the Arab world to investigate the executions, is a portrait of the constricted lives of Arab women and a Rashomon-like exploration of the elusiveness of journalistic truth. This special presentation will feature new interviews with the filmmakers, an inside view of the controversies surrounding the film, and an analysis of how the lives of Arab women have, and have not, changed. [116 minutes]

  • The New Asylums (#2313)

    A searing exploration of the complex and growing topic of mental health in America's prison system. [56 minutes]

  • A Jew Among The Germans (#2314)

    Marian Marzynki, a Holocaust survivor, sets out to find how the Germans are designing a memorial. [56 minutes]

  • Private Warriors (#2315)

    Takes a hard look at private contractors in Iraq by being embedded with Halliburton/KBR. [56 minutes]

  • The O.J. Verdict (#2316)

    Ten years after one of the most controversial verdicts in the history of the American justice system, FRONTLINE revisits the O.J. Simpson trial. For more than a year, the Simpson saga transfixed the nation and dominated the public imagination. The slow-speed chase, the "Dream Team" of defense lawyers, the bloody gloves, the 911 calls, andthe Fuhrman tapes. The best screenwriters in Hollywood could not have imagined the drama and intrigue. But the Simpson trial also revealed startling truths about American society. It exposed deep and enduring racial rifts and introduced thousands of Americans to the complexities of the legal system. In October, the tenth anniversary of the Simpson verdict, veteran FRONTLINE producer Ofra Bikel investigates the "perfect storm" that was the O.J. trial, and through extensive interviews with the defense, prosecutors, and journalists reveals what its lasting impact will be on the American justice system. [56 minutes]

  • The Torture Question (#2401)

    In the uncertain weeks following September 11, an internal power struggle was underway deep inside the Bush administration. Waged between partisans at the highest levels of the government, that battle exemplifies the struggle to create a legal framework to give the president authority to aggressively interrogate enemy fighters in the war on terror. Join "Frontline" as we go behind closed doors to investigate the struggle over how and when to use what was called "coercive interrogation." [86 minutes]

  • The Last Abortion Clinic (#2402)

    The headlines today are filled with speculation about changes in the U.S. Supreme Court and what those changes might mean for abortion --an issue that has divided the country for over 30 years. Heated rhetoric from both sides continues to be heard in courtrooms and on the campaign trail. But while attention is often focused on the arguments, there is another story playing out in local communities. Pro-life advocates have waged a successful campaign to reduce abortions in many places throughout the country. By using state laws to regulate and limit abortion and by creating their own clinics to offer alternatives to women, they have changed the facts on the ground. FRONTLINE investigates the steady decline in the number of physicians and clinics performing abortions and focuses on local political battles in states like Mississippi, where only a single clinic performs the controversial procedure. [56 minutes]

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  • The Storm (#2403)

    In the wake of Hurricane Katrina, FRONTLINE will produce a documentary special that investigates the political storm surrounding the devastation of America's Gulf Coast. Veteran FRONTLINE producer/reporter Martin Smith will lead a team to ask hard questions about the decisions leading up to the disaster and beyond. [55 minutes]

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  • Country Boys - Part 1 (#2404)

    In the autumn of 1999, Chris Johnson and Cody Perkins begin attending an alternative high school for troubled teens in David, Kentucky. Through his home life, his band, his faith in God and his relationship with his girlfriend, Jessica, Cody finds a sense of belonging. For Chris, the struggle to find his sense of purpose proves more difficult. He is torn between his devotion to his family and his desire to get an education and escape poverty. Chris' battle to succeed plays out dramatically in his attempts to start a school newspaper. On the eve of publishing his first edition, a family emergency intervenes and he abandons the project. As the school year ends, Chris fails all his classes. [116 minutes]

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  • Country Boys - Part 2 (#2405)

    [116 minutes]

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  • Country Boys - Part 3 (#2406)

    [116 minutes]

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  • The Meth Epidemic (#2407)

    Investigate this addiction and the conflict between the drug trade and the cold remedy business. [56 minutes]

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  • Sex Slaves (#2408)

    One man's quest to find his trafficked wife sheds light on the global trade of sexual slavery. [56 minutes]

  • The Insurgency (#2409)

    FRONTLINE will help sort through the question on many minds today: How will the death of al Qaeda in Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi affect the future of the Iraqi insurgency? This rebroadcast of a special report, which originally aired on February 21, 2006, profiles the multi-faceted forces battling coalition troops in Iraq. The investigation includes special access to insurgent leaders, as well as interviews with commanders of Iraqi and U.S. military units battling for control of the country, and detailed analysis from journalists who have risked their lives to meet insurgent leaders and their foot soldiers. [56 minutes]

  • The Tank Man (#2410)

    Filmmaker Antony Thomas investigates the protester who stood before the tanks at Tiananmen Square. [66 minutes]

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  • Can You Afford to Retire? (#2411)

    With retirement strategies in trouble, the baby boomer generation is headed for a shock. [56 minutes]

  • The Age of Aids - Part 1 (#2412)

    On the 25th anniversary of the first diagnosed cases of AIDS, FRONTLINE presents the definitive chronicle of one of the worst pandemics the world has ever known. After more than two decades of denial, stigma, policy battles, scientific research, heated debates and global education, HIV/AIDS continues to spread unabated throughout much of the world, particularly in developing nations. Through interviews with AIDS researchers, world leaders, activists and patients, FRONTLINE investigates the science, the politics and the human cost of this fateful disease, and asks: What are the lessons of the past, and what must be done to stop AIDS? [116 minutes]

  • The Age of AIDS (#2413)

    On the 25th anniversary of the first diagnosed cases of AIDS, FRONTLINE presents the definitive chronicle of one of the worst pandemics the world has ever known. After more than two decades of denial, stigma, policy battles, scientific research, heated debates and global education, HIV/AIDS continues to spread unabated throughout much of the world, particularly in developing nations. Through interviews with AIDS researchers, world leaders, activists and patients, FRONTLINE investigates the science, the politics and the human cost of this fateful disease, and asks: What are the lessons of the past, and what must be done to stop AIDS? [116 minutes]

  • The Dark Side (#2414)

    The conflict between the CIA and Cheney and Rumsfeld over war on terror priorities is investigated. [66 minutes]

  • Living Old (#2415)

    As the need for care is rising, the number of available caregivers in America is dwindling. [57 minutes]

  • Return of the Taliban (#2501)

    Reveals how the lawless Pakistani tribal areas have fallen under control of the resurgent militia. [56 minutes]

  • The Enemy Within (#2502)

    Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter Lowell Bergman investigates the domestic counterterrorism effort. [56 minutes]

  • The Lost Year In Iraq (#2503)

    Follows the early efforts to plant democracy in Bagdad by the American group led by Paul Bremer. [56 minutes]

  • A Hidden Life (#2504)

    Explores the Spokesman-Review newspaper's methods of reporting a story on Spokane Mayor, Jim West. [56 minutes]

  • News War: Secrets, Sources & Spin - Part 1 (#2505)

    Examine the political, cultural, legal and economic forces challenging the news media today. [56 minutes]

  • News War: Secrets, Sources & Spin - Part 2 (#2506)

    TV executives and anchors discuss the future of the news business and serious reporting. [56 minutes]

  • Hand of God (#2507)

    A filmmaker explores how the sexual abuse crisis in the Catholic Church affected his own family. [86 minutes]

  • So Much So Fast (#2508)

    This documentary chronicles the difficulties faced by a young man with ALS and his family. [71 minutes]

  • News War: What's Happening to the News (#2509)

    Executives and journalists discuss the battle for market dominance in a changing world of news. [86 minutes]

  • Hot Politics (#2510)

    Examine some of the key moments that have shaped the politics of global warming. [56 minutes]

  • When Kids Get Life (#2511)

    Visits five young men in Colorado sentenced to life without parole to examine their punishment. [86 minutes]

  • Endgame (#2513)

    Investigate how mistakes brought Iraq to virtual civil war. Experts discuss the new surge strategy. [56 minutes]

  • Cheney's Law (#2601)

    Trace the secretive internal battle within the Bush administration over the power of the presidency. [56 minutes]

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  • Showdown with Iran (#2602)

    Examines the rise of one of America's greatest threats and most puzzling foreign policy challenges. [56 minutes]

  • The Undertaking (#2603)

    Enter the world of Thomas Lynch, a poet and undertaker whose family has cared for the dead in a small Michigan town for three generations. [56 minutes]

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  • On Our Watch (#2604)

    Profiles some of the activists traveling through refugee camps in Darfur to chronicle the genocide. [56 minutes]

  • The Medicated Child (#2605)

    Psychiatrists are confronted about the risks and benefits of prescription drugs for troubled kids. [56 minutes]

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  • Growing Up Online (#2606)

    A look at the impact of the Internet on adolescence through the eyes of teens and their parents. [56 minutes]

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  • Rules of Engagement (#2607)

    An investigation of what happened in Haditha, Iraq , where 24 citizens were killed by U.S. forces. [56 minutes]

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  • Bush's War - Part 1 (#2608)

    Revisit the stories behind 9/11 and Al Qaeda, Afghanistan and Iraq and WMD and the Insurgency. [146 minutes]

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  • Bush's War - Part 2 (#2609)

    Revisits the stories behind 9/11, Al Qaeda, Afghanistan, Iraq, WMD, the Insurgency and the Surge. [116 minutes]

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  • Bad Voodoo's War (#2610)

    American soldiers supplied with cameras record the daily grind of their perilous mission in Iraq. [56 minutes]

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  • Sick Around The World (#2611)

    Examines health-care systems of other capitalist democracies to find what may help reform our own. [56 minutes]

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  • Storm Over Everest (#2612)

    The worst climbing tragedy in Mount Everest's history is recalled by climbers who survived. [116 minutes]

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  • Heat (#2613)

    Martin Smith travels the globe to test what big business is doing to solve the climate problem. [116 minutes]

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  • Young and Restless in China (#2614)

    Young Chinese people from across the country scramble to keep pace with a rapidly changing society. [116 minutes]

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  • The Choice 2008 (#2701)

    The personal and political biographies of candidates John McCain and Barack Obama are examined. [116 minutes]

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  • The War Briefing (#2702)

    An inside look at the real foreign policy choices the next president of the United States will face. [56 minutes]

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  • Boogie Man: The Lee Atwater Story (#2703)

    A revealing look at the life of the controversial, take-no-prisoners Republican political operative. [86 minutes]

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  • The Hugo Chavez Show (#2704)

    A look at Venezuela's controversial and outspoken president and his anti-capitalist revolution. [85 minutes]

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  • The Old Man and the Storm (#2705)

    An African-American family struggles to rebuild their homes and lives in New Orleans after Katrina. [56 minutes]

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  • Dreams of Obama (#2706)

    Pushes beyond the headlines to examine the personal and political biography of the 44th president. [56 minutes]

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  • My Father, My Brother and Me (#2707)

    A journalist with Parkinson's explores the scientific and ethical debate surrounding the disease. [56 minutes]

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  • Inside The Meltdown (#2708)

    Chronicles the Bear Stearns deal, the collapse of Lehman Brothers and the $700 billion bailout. [56 minutes]

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  • Ten Trillion and Counting (#2709)

    Focuses on how America's national debt will constrain and challenge the new Obama administration. [56 minutes]

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  • Sick Around America (#2710)

    The flaws in U.S. healthcare and the future of the private insurance industry are investigated. [56 minutes]

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  • Black Money (#2711)

    A new crackdown against multi-national companies involved in international bribery is investigated. [56 minutes]

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  • Poisoned Waters (#2712)

    Focuses on the conditions of our waterways and the rising hazards to human health and eco-systems. [116 minutes]

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  • The Released (#2713)

    Focuses on the struggles of the mentally ill after prison and why they return at alarming rates. [56 minutes]

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  • The Madoff Affair (#2714)

    The story behind the global Ponzi scheme that has become the biggest business scandal in history. [56 minutes]

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  • Breaking the Bank (#2715)

    America's current financial crisis is examined through the story of a superbank's disintegration. [56 minutes]

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  • Obama's War (#2801)

    Examines the U.S. counter-insurgency strategy, as thousands of fresh troops move into Afghanistan. [56 minutes]

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  • The Warning (#2802)

    Examines causes of the economic crisis and critical moments when it might have gone differently. [56 minutes]

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  • Close to Home (#2803)

    Clients in a New York salon, from well-to-do bankers to struggling actors, discuss the recession. [56 minutes]

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  • Alaska Gold (#2804)

    Local Fishermen battle mining companies seeking to extract minerals from Bristol Bay's Pebble Mine. [56 minutes]

  • A Death In Tehran (#2805)

    Neda Soltani became a symbol when her death was filmed on a cameraphone during the Iran protests. [56 minutes]

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  • The Card Game (#2806)

    The future of the consumer loan industry and its impact on America's fragile economy are examined. [56 minutes]

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  • The Dancing Boys of Afghanistan (#2807)

    An Afghan journalist investigates a sexual exploitation ring that trades young boys for sex. [56 minutes]

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  • Digital Nation (#2809)

    Experts explore life on the virtual frontier and critical ways that technology is transforming us. [71 minutes]

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  • Flying Cheap (#2810)

    The crash of Continental 3407 in Buffalo, NY and major changes to the airline industry are examined. [56 minutes]

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  • The Suicide Tourist (#2811)

    A revealing look inside Dignitas, a non-profit in Switzerland that helps people end their own lives. [56 minutes]

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  • The Wounded Platoon (#2812)

    This affecting portrait of the realities of life after war tracks down members of a single platoon. [68 minutes]

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  • Behind Taliban Lines (#2813)

    An Afghan video journalist ventures into areas that have quietly reverted back to Taliban control. [56 minutes]

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  • The Quake (#2814)

    A firsthand look at the ill-coordinated relief efforts after the devastating earthquake in Haiti. [56 minutes]

  • Obama's Deal (#2815)

    Examines the political battles and costly compromises behind Obama's Health care reform policy. [56 minutes]

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  • The Vaccine War (#2816)

    Parents and activists are using social media to take on public health scientists' view of vaccines. [56 minutes]

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  • College, Inc. (#2817)

    Uncover how Wall Street and for-profit universities are transforming the idea of college in America. [56 minutes]

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  • Law & Disorder (#2818)

    The use of lethal force by New Orleans police in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina is investigated. [56 minutes]

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  • Death By Fire 2 (#2901)

    Cameron Todd Willingham was executed for arson deaths. New science raises doubts about his guilt. [56 minutes]

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  • The Spill (#2902)

    BP's corporate culture, safety violations and the trail that led to the Gulf disaster are examined. [56 minutes]

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  • The Confessions (#2903)

    Police interrogation techniques that led four innocent men to confess to murder are investigated. [71 minutes]

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  • Facing Death (#2904)

    The complicated reality of modern, medicalized death is examined in a New York intensive care unit. [56 minutes]

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  • Battle for Haiti (#2905)

    The fight to rebuild Haiti in the face of deep-rooted corruption and gang intimidation is examined. [56 minutes]

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  • Are We Safer? (#2906)

    The terrorism-industrial complex that grew up in the wake of 9/11 is investigated by Dana Priest. [56 minutes]

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  • Post Mortem (#2907)

    The nationwide shortage of competent forensic pathologists performing autopsies is investigated. [56 minutes]

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  • Revolution In Cairo (#2909)

    The youth movement taking to the streets in Cairo and Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood are explored. [56 minutes]

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  • Money and March Madness (#2910)

    A look at the multi-billion dollar business of the NCAA and its brand of amateur college sports. [56 minutes]

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  • Football High (#2911)

    A look at an ambitious high school football team sheds light on concerns about player safety. [56 minutes]

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  • The Silence (#2912)

    Sexual abuse of Native Americans by Catholic priests and church workers in Alaska is investigated. [56 minutes]

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  • Fighting for Bin Laden (#2913)

    Two inside views of the fight against al Qaeda and the Taliban. [56 minutes]

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  • Kill/Capture (#2914)

    An investigation into the US campaign of targeted killing includes interviews with General Petraeus. [56 minutes]

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  • Wikisecrets (#2915)

    Julian Assange is interviewed in this look at the 2010 leak of classified documents on Wikileaks. [56 minutes]

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  • The Child Cases (#2916)

    Child death cases involving medical evidence that was later found to be unreliable are investigated. [56 minutes]

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  • The Pot Republic (#2917)

    The country's oldest, largest and most wide-open marijuana market is investigated in California. [56 minutes]

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  • Top Secret America - 9/11 to the Boston Bombings (#2918)

    The secret history of the battle against terrorism also looks at 9/11 and the Marathon bombings. [56 minutes]

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  • The Man Behind The Mosque (#2919)

    Go beyond frenzied media portraits to learn how this Manhattan building became so controversial. [56 minutes]

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  • The Interrogator (#2920)

    An Arabic-speaking FBI agent at the center of the 9/11 investigations discusses the war on terror. [56 minutes]

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  • Nuclear Aftershocks (#2921)

    Miles O'Brien examines the implications of the Fukushima accident in Japan for U.S. nuclear safety. [56 minutes]

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  • The Anthrax Files (#3001)

    A hard look at the FBI's investigation of the country's most notorious act of bioterrorism in 2001. [56 minutes]

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  • Lost In Detention (#3002)

    The secretive world of immigrant detention and Obama's enforcement strategies are investigated. [56 minutes]

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  • Syria Undercover (#3003)

    Reporter Ramita Navai meets with members of the opposition movement as the Syrian revolution rages. [56 minutes]

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  • A Perfect Terrorist (#3004)

    The master plotter of the 2008 terrorist attack on Mumbai, David Coleman Headley, is investigated. [56 minutes]

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  • Opium Brides (#3005)

    Young farm girls are caught in the crossfire of attempts to eradicate Afghanistan's drug trade. [56 minutes]

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  • The Interrupters (#3006)

    Three former Chicago criminals place themselves in the line of fire to protect their communities. [86 minutes]

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  • Cell Tower Deaths (#3007)

    The dangers facing workers who are building America's cellular infrastructure are investigated. [56 minutes]

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  • Inside Japan's Nuclear Meltdown (#3008)

    The crisis inside the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear complex after the 2011 tsunami is investigated. [56 minutes]

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  • Murdoch's Scandal (#3009)

    The battle over the future of News Corporation and Rupert Murdoch's reputation is chronicled. [56 minutes]

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  • The Real CSI (#3010)

    A Frontline investigation finds serious flaws in some of the best-known tools of forensic science. [56 minutes]

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  • Money, Power and Wall Street, Hour 1 & 2 (#3011)

    Investigate how two U.S. administrations have confronted the crisis--while dealing with sharp internal divisions and a relationship with Wall Street marked by mistrust and dependence, mutual interests and competing goals. [116 minutes]

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  • Money, Power and Wall Street (2 of 2) (#3013)

    The inner workings of global high finance and the risks taken by the big banks are investigated. [116 minutes]

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  • Money, Power and Wall Street: The Crisis Spreads (#3014)

    Explores how an epidemic of greed spread from financial institutions in America to Europe and back. [56 minutes]

  • Fast Times at West Philly High (#3015)

    Students and teachers from a West Philadelphia High School make super-hybrid cars for a competition. [56 minutes]

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  • Al Qaeda In Yemen (#3016)

    Ghaith Abdul-Ahad investigates the war against Al Qaeda in the heart of Yemen's radical heartland. [56 minutes]

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  • Endgame: AIDS in Black America (#3017)

    Traces the history of the AIDS epidemic through experiences of individuals in the black community. [116 minutes]

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  • Dollars and Dentists (#3018)

    Miles O'Brien investigates the flaws in America's dental system and nascent proposals to fix them. [56 minutes]

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  • The Battle for Syria (#3019)

    Journey into the heart of the insurgency for an an unprecedented portrait of Syria's rebel leaders. [56 minutes]

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  • Dropout Nation (#3020)

    A journey through an inner-city high school investigates the challenges of America's dropout crisis. [116 minutes]

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  • Climate of Doubt (#3021)

    John Hockenberry goes inside organizations that fought to redefine the politics of global warming. [56 minutes]

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  • Big Sky, Big Money (#3022)

    A look at how the Supreme Court's Citizens United decision changed US campaigns focuses on Montana. [56 minutes]

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  • The Suicide Plan (#3023)

    The world of assisted suicide, one of the most polarizing social issues of our time, is explored. [86 minutes]

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  • Poor Kids (#3024)

    An intimate portrait of the economic crisis in America focuses on what poverty means to children. [56 minutes]

  • The Choice 2012 (#3101)

    This election special offers biographies of presidential candidates Barack Obama and Mitt Romney. [116 minutes]

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  • The Education of Michelle Rhee (#3102)

    The legacy of Michelle Rhee, the former chancellor of Washington, D.C., public schools, is examined. [56 minutes]

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  • Inside Obama's Presidency (#3103)

    A probing look at the first four years of Barack Obama's presidency examines his key decisions. [56 minutes]

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  • The Untouchables (#3104)

    A look at why Wall Street's leaders and have escaped prosecution since America's financial meltdown. [56 minutes]

  • Cliffhanger (#3105)

    Drawing on interviews with key players in Congress and the White House, Frontline goes behind the scenes to show how a clash of politics and personalities has taken the nation's economy to the edge of the "fiscal cliff." [56 minutes]

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  • Raising Adam Lanza (#3106)

    Frontline investigates Adam Lanza and the town he changed forever after the killings at Sandy Hook. [56 minutes]

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  • Syria Behind the Lines (#3107)

    Olly Lambert documents the devastating effect of a religious feud that is shaping Syria's future. [56 minutes]

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  • The Retirement Gamble (#3108)

    Questions are raised about how America's financial institutions protect the savings of individuals. [56 minutes]

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  • Never Forget to Lie (#3109)

    Marian Marzynski recalls how he escaped the Holocaust and survived in a Catholic monastery. [56 minutes]

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  • Outlawed In Pakistan (#3110)

    A teenager makes her way through Pakistan's broken justice system after accusing four men of rape. [56 minutes]

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  • Rape in the Fields (#3111)

    Sexual assaults of immigrant women working in America's fields and packing plants are investigated. [56 minutes]

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  • Two American Families (#3112)

    Two families in Milwaukee - one black, one white - work hard to keep from sliding into poverty. [86 minutes]

  • Life and Death in Assisted Living (#3113)

    A look at the nation's largest assisted living company sheds light on this billion dollar industry. [56 minutes]

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  • Hunting The Nightmare Bacteria (#3114)

    A look the alarming rise of untreatable infections in hospitals, communities and across the globe. [56 minutes]

  • A Death In St. Augustine (#3115)

    What happens when police face the possibility of domestic violence within their own ranks? [56 minutes]

  • Secrets of the Vatican (#3116)

    Benedict's papacy and the battle to set the Church on a new path under Pope Francis are explored. [86 minutes]

  • TB Silent Killer (#3117)

    Families battle the spreading strains of Tuberculosis in the Southern African nation of Swaziland. [86 minutes]

  • Egypt In Crisis (#3201)

    Martin Smith and Charles Sennott examine the rise and rapid fall of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood. [56 minutes]

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  • League of Denial: The Nfl's Concussion Crisis (#3202)

    The National Football League, a multibillion-dollar commercial juggernaut, presides over America's indisputable national pastime. But the NFL is under assault as thousands of former players and a host of scientists claim the league has covered up how football inflicted long-term brain injuries on many players. In a special investigation, FRONTLINE and prize-winning journalists Steve Fainaru and Mark Fainaru-Wada of ESPN reveal the hidden story of the NFL and brain injuries, drawn from their forthcoming book League of Denial: The NFL, Concussions and the Battle for Truth (Crown Archetype, October 2013). What did the NFL know and when did it know it? What's the truth about the risks to players? What can be done? The FRONTLINE investigation details how, for years, the league denied and worked to refute scientific evidence that the violent collisions at the heart of the game are linked to an alarming incidence of early onset dementia, catastrophic brain damage, death, and other devastating consequences for some of football's all-time greats. [116 minutes]

  • League of Denial: The Nfl's Concussion Crisis, Part 2 (#3203)

    The hidden story of the NFL and brain injuries and the true risks to football players are revealed. [56 minutes]

  • Who Was Lee Harvey Oswald? (#3204)

    Lee Harvey Oswald and forensic evidence of his role in the Kennedy assassination are investigated. [116 minutes]

  • To Catch A Trader (#3205)

    Billionaire Steven A. Cohen and the largest insider trading scandal in US history are investigated. [56 minutes]

  • Secret State of North Korea (#3206)

    FRONTLINE goes inside secretive North Korea to explore life under its new ruler Kim Jong-Un. [56 minutes]

  • Generation Like (#3207)

    A look at how the perennial teen quest for identity and connection has migrated to social media. [56 minutes]

  • Syria's Second Front (#3208)

    Rebel forces try to unify against extremist Islamic factions on the deadly battlefields of Syria. [56 minutes]

  • Solitary Nation (#3209)

    Interviews with inmates and prison officers shed light on America's use of solitary confinement. [56 minutes]

  • Prison State (#3210)

    A look at the impact of mass incarceration in America focuses on a housing project in Kentucky. [86 minutes]

  • United States of Secrets, Part One (#3211)

    The history of the National Security Agency's unprecedented surveillance program is investigated. [116 minutes]

  • United States of Secrets, Part Two (#3212)

    The role of Silicon Valley in the National Security Agency's surveillance program is explored. [56 minutes]

  • Battle Zones: Ukraine & Syria (#3213)

    Personal and dramatic footage reveal a look inside the raging battle zones of Ukraine and Syria. [56 minutes]

  • Separate and Unequal (#3214)

    The growing racial divide in American schools is examined, with a focus on Baton Rouge, Louisiana. [56 minutes]

  • Losing Iraq (#3215)

    FRONTLINE examines the unfolding chaos in Iraq and how the US is being pulled back in the conflict. [71 minutes]

  • Ebola Outbreak (#3217)

    Health officials tracking the Ebola outbreak are followed as they try to stop its rampant spread. [46 minutes]

  • The Trouble with Antibiotics (#3301)

    Antibiotics in food animals and whether it is fueling antibiotic resistance in people are examined. [56 minutes]

  • The Rise of Isis (#3302)

    Martin Smith reports from Iraq on the miscalculations and mistakes behind the brutal rise of ISIS. [56 minutes]

  • Firestone and the Warlord (#3303)

    The relationship between Firestone and infamous Liberian warlord Charles Taylor is investigated. [86 minutes]

  • TBA (#9999)

    [56 minutes]

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